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  • ASTM D 5574 : 1994 : R2012

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Methods for Establishing Allowable Mechanical Properties of Wood-Bonding Adhesives for Design of Structural Joints

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  08-03-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  12-06-2012

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 15.06, 2015 Defines the principles for establishing allowable mechanical properties for adhesives that can be used to design adhesive-bonded joints for structural components and assemblies of wood or wood with other materials.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 These test methods cover the principles for establishing allowable mechanical properties for adhesives that can be used to design adhesive-bonded joints for structural components and assemblies of wood or wood with other materials. These test methods are modeled after Practice D245.

    1.2 The properties determined are allowable shear stress, allowable tensile stress, and allowable shear modulus.

    1.3 In determination of allowable shear- and tensile-stress levels, these test methods are limited by the horizontal shear and tension perpendicular-to-the-grain capacity of the wood adherends (hard maple, Acer saccharum, Marsh.). The adhesives so tested may actually have shear or tensile allowable stresses exceeding the wood, but the determined allowable design stress levels are limited (upper bounded) by the wood in these test methods. If a wood other than hard maple is used for testing the adhesive, then the allowable strengths are upper bounded by the properties of that particular wood.

    1.4 The strength properties are determined by standard ASTM test methods. As a result, only procedural variations from the standards and special directions for applying the results are given in these test methods.

    1.5 Time-to-failure data derived from creep-rupture testing (see Test Method D4680) provide a measure of the ultimate strength of an adhesive bond as a function of time at various levels of temperature and moisture.

    1.5.1 With proper caution, useful service life at a given shear stress level may be extrapolated from relatively short loading periods.

    1.6 The resistance of the adhesive to permanent loss of properties due to aging (permanence) is assessed by means of strength tests after constant elevated-temperature and moisture aging of test specimens.

    1.6.1 If the subject adhesives will be used to bond wood that has been treated with a preservative, fire retardant, or any other chemical to modify its properties, then the permanence of the adhesive shall be tested using wood adherends treated in the same manner.

    1.7 Factors for durability, permanence, and creep derived by shear tests and analysis, are assumed to apply to tension (normal-to-the-bond) strength as well.

    1.8 Requirements for production, inspection, and certification of adhesives evaluated under these test methods are not included.

    1.9 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 14
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2012
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7290 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Practice for Evaluating Material Property Characteristic Values for Polymeric Composites for Civil Engineering Structural Applications

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4027 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Measuring Shear Properties of Structural Adhesives by the Modified-Rail Test
    ASTM D 1151 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
    ASTM D 4027 : 1998 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Shear Properties of Structural Adhesives by the Modified-Rail Test
    ASTM D 4027 : 1998 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Measuring Shear Properties of Structural Adhesives by the Modified-Rail Test
    ASTM D 2555 : 2005 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 2559 : 2009 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Structural Laminated Wood Products for Use Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 2915 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 4680 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    ASTM D 3931 : 1993 : REV A : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 2555 : 2006 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 4896 : 2001 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Use of Adhesive-Bonded Single Lap-Joint Specimen Test Results
    ASTM D 4502 : 1992 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Heat and Moisture Resistance of Wood-Adhesive Joints
    ASTM D 4896 : 1995 Standard Guide for Use of Adhesive-Bonded Single Lap-Joint Specimen Test Results
    ASTM D 2555 : 2017 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 4680 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    ASTM D 4896 : 2001 Standard Guide for Use of Adhesive-Bonded Single Lap-Joint Specimen Test Results
    ASTM D 1151 : 2000 Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
    ASTM D 3983 : 1998 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Measuring Strength and Shear Modulus of Nonrigid Adhesives by the Thick-Adherend Tensile-Lap Specimen
    ASTM D 3983 : 1998 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Strength and Shear Modulus of Nonrigid Adhesives by the Thick-Adherend Tensile-Lap Specimen
    ASTM D 2555 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 2559 : 2004 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Structural Laminated Wood Products for Use Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 1101 : 1997 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
    IEEE/ASTM SI_10-2010 American National Standard for Metric Practice
    ASTM D 3931 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 3983 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Measuring Strength and Shear Modulus of Nonrigid Adhesives by the Thick-Adherend Tensile-Lap Specimen
    ASTM D 4680 : 1998 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    ASTM D 2915 : 2003 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 2559 : 2010 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Structural Laminated Wood Products for Use Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 4502 : 1992 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Heat and Moisture Resistance of Wood-Adhesive Joints
    ASTM D 2555 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 907 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Terminology of Adhesives
    ASTM D 2559 : 2012 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 1151 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
    ASTM D 1101 : 1997 : REV A : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
    ASTM D 905 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 905 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 2555 : 2005 : REV A Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 2559 : 2000 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Structural Laminated Wood Products for Use Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 2559 : 2012 : REV A Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 4680 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    ASTM D 2555 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 4502 : 1992 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Moisture Resistance of Wood-Adhesive Joints
    ASTM D 2559 : 2003 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Structural Laminated Wood Products for Use Under Exterior (Wet Use) Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 2555 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 3931 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 3983 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Measuring Strength and Shear Modulus of Nonrigid Adhesives by the Thick-Adherend Tensile-Lap Specimen
    ASTM D 2915 : 2010 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 2559 : 2012 : REV A : R2018 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 4896 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Guide for Use of Adhesive-Bonded Single Lap-Joint Specimen Test Results
    ASTM D 2915 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 2559 : 2010 : REV A Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    ASTM D 1101 : 1997 : REV A : R2006 Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
    ASTM D 2915 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 2555 : 2015 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
    ASTM D 2915 : 2002 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 3931 : 1993 : REV A : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    ASTM D 4027 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Measuring Shear Properties of Structural Adhesives by the Modified-Rail Test
    ASTM D 1101 : 1997 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
    ASTM D 4502 : 1992 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Heat and Moisture Resistance of Wood-Adhesive Joints
    ASTM D 2555 : 2016 Standard Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
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