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  • AWS A3.0 : 0

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    STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS - INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  23-07-2013

    Language(s): 

    Published date: 

    Publisher:  American Welding Society

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Personnel
    Foreword
    List of Figures
    List of Tables
    Terms and Definitions
    Annexes - Nonmandatory Information
    Annex A - The Definitions Subcommittee Manifesto of 1987
    Annex B - A Guide to A3.0
    Annex C - Modifications to A3.0 from A3.0-94
    Annex D - Guidelines for Preparation of Technical Inquiries
              for AWS Technical Committees

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Since it is intended to be a comprehensive compilation of welding terminology, nonstandard terms used in the welding industry are also included. All terms are either standard or nonstandard. They are arranged in a conventional dictionary letter-by-letter alphabetical sequence. A total of 1127 terms are defined, and the definitions are illustrated by 44 figures. Also included is the Master Chart of Welding and Allied Processes and the Joining Method Diagram with corollary classification diagrams.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee AWS A2
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Welding Society
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    SAE ARP 1317 : 1994 ELECTRON BEAM WELDING
    AWS D1.1/D1.1M : 2015 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE-STEEL
    BS EN ISO 17677-1:2009 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
    API TR 18TR4 : 2017 EVALUATION OF WELDING REQUIREMENTS AS APPLICABLE TO API PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 2 : 2011 : FR CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 7 : 2014 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    MIL DTL 901 : E SHOCK TESTS, H.I. (HIGH-IMPACT) SHIPBOARD MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, AND SYSTEMS, REQUIREMENTS FOR
    AWS D16.4 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF ROBOTIC ARC WELDING PERSONNEL
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : R2014 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    MIL W 47091 : A WELDING, ARC AND GAS, FOR FABRICATING GROUND EQUIPMENT FOR ROCKETS AND GUIDED MISSILES
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 6 : 2013 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    AWS D8.6 : 2005 AUTOMOTIVE RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING ELECTRODES
    MIL STD 1688 : A FABRICATION, WELDING, AND INSPECTION OF HY-80/100 SUBMARINE APPLICATIONS
    MIL W 8604 : A WELDING, FUSION, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, PROCESSING AND PERFORMANCE OF
    MIL STD 1628 : 0 FILLET WELD SIZE, STRENGTH, AND EFFICIENCY DETERMINATION
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 3 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    MIL W 21157 : A WELDMENT, STEEL, CARBON AND LOW ALLOY (YIELD STRENGTH 3O,OOO - 6O,OOO PS1)
    MIL E 13080 : D ELECTRODE, WELDING, COVERED AUSTENITIC STEEL (19-9 MODIFIED) FOR ARMOR APPLICATIONS
    AWS WIT-T : 2008 WELDING INSPECTION TECHNOLOGY
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2013 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    AWS D18.1 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
    MIL STD 278 : F WELDING AND CASTING STANDARD
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    AWWA D100 : 2011 WELDED CARBON STEEL TANKS FOR WATER STORAGE
    MIL STD 2149 : A STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR EXPLOSION TESTING FERROUS AND NON FERROUS METALLIC MATERIALS AND WELDMENTS
    MIL STD 2035 : A NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    NBR 14842 : 2015 ERRATA 1 2015 WELDING - REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF INSPECTORS FOR SECTOR PETROLEUM AND GAS, PETROCHEMICAL, FERTILIZER, SHIPBUILDING AND THERMOELECTRIC (EXCEPT NUCLEAR)
    AWS QC13 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF WELDING SUPERVISORS
    AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    CSA W47.2 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF ALUMINUM
    AISC 204 : 2008 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR BRIDGE AND HIGHWAY METAL COMPONENT MANUFACTURERS
    MIL STD 1689 : A FABRICATION, WELDING AND INSPECTION OF SHIPS STRUCTURE
    AWWA C226 : 2013 STAINLESS-STEEL FITTINGS FOR WATERWORKS SERVICE, SIZES 1/2 IN. THROUGH 72 IN. (13 MM THROUGH 1,800 MM)
    MIL STD 2103 : 0 WELDING, ELECTRON BEAM, REQUIREMENTS FOR
    MIL STD 1877 : B BRAZING, NICKEL, HIGH TEMPERATURE VACUUM
    AWS G1.6 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF PLASTICS WELDING INSPECTORS FOR HOT GAS, HOT GAS EXTRUSION, AND HEATED TOOL BUTT THERMOPLASTIC WELDS
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 5 : 2012 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    AWS B5.14 : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING SALES REPRESENTATIVES
    SAE J 2667 : 2004 STRSW (SQUEEZE TYPE RESISTANCE SPORT WELDING) EQUIPMENT ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR THE COLLISION REPAIR INDUSTRY
    MIL W 22248 : A WELDMENTS, ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY
    AWS WHC1.10 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 10: MONITORING AND CONTROL OF WELDING AND JOINING PROCESSES
    MIL STD 1947 : 0 ULTRASONIC WELDING OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY MATERIALS
    AWS F2.3M : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR USE AND PERFORMANCE OF TRANSPARENT WELDING CURTAINS AND SCREENS
    MIL B 28644 : A BED, BUNK, STEEL, SQUARE TUBE, WITH END PANELS, SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK
    MIL HDBK 1941 : 0 METAL-ARC WELDING OF HOMOGENEOUS ARMOR
    NASA PRC 0011 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE SEMI-AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE STUD WELDING OF NON FLIGHT HARDWARE
    DOD STD 100 : C NOTICE 6 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES
    SAE AS 4488 : 2013 TUBULAR ASSEMBLIES, FUSION WELDED, INSPECTION PROCESSES AND ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS FOR
    MIL DTL 13931 : J CANNON: GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    ISO 17677-1:2009 Resistance welding Vocabulary Part 1: Spot, projection and seam welding
    MIL E 15597 : E ELECTRODE, WELDING, COVERED, COATED, ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY
    MIL STD 2138 : A METAL SPRAYED COATINGS FOR CORROSION PROTECTION ABOARD NAVAL SHIPS
    MIL E 24355 : B ELECTRODES, WELDING, BARE, SOLID NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 13O WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2008 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    AISC 201 : 2006 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL FABRICATORS
    MIL B 007883 : C BRAZING OF STEELS, COPPER, COPPER ALLOYS, NICKEL ALLOYS, ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS
    AWS D10.12M/D10.12 : 2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
    CSA W59.2 : 1991(R2008) WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    MIL R 17131 : C RODS AND POWDERS, WELDING, SURFACING
    NBR 12712 : 1993 AMD 2002 DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEMS FOR FUEL GAS - PROCEDURE
    BS PD CEN/TR 14633 : 2003 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
    SAE AS 1576 : 2016 FITTINGS, WELDED, HYDRAULIC, TITANIUM, CORROSION RESISTANT STEEL AND NICKEL, 3000 PSI HYDRAULIC
    MIL STD 336 : 0 WELDING, FLASH, STANDARD LOW CARBON STEEL
    MIL STD 1595 : A QUALIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT, MISSILE AND AEROSPACE FUSION WELDERS
    AWS D14.5/D14.5M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
    MIL W 6873 : C WELDING FLASH CARBON AND ALLOY STEEL
    AWS WHC2.05 : 0 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 1, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 2 - CHAPTER 5: FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    NASA PRC 0008 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF MANUAL ARC WELDERS
    08/30129210 DC : DRAFT MAR 2008 BS EN ISO 6947 - WELDS - WORKING POSITIONS - DEFINITIONS OF ANGLES OF SLOPE AND ROTATION
    AWS C3.7 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM BRAZING
    CSA W47.1 : 2009 : INC : UPD 4 : 2011 CERTIFICATION OF COMPANIES FOR FUSION WELDING OF STEEL
    MIL STD 1687 : A THERMAL SPRAY PROCESSES FOR NAVAL SHIP MACHINERY AND ORDNANCE APPLICATIONS
    DOD STD 2138 : LATEST METAL SPRAYED COATING SYSTEMS FOR CORROSION PROTECTION ABOARD NAVAL SHIPS (METRIC)
    MIL E 17764 : C ELECTRODE, CUTTING, TUBULAR, STEEL, COVERED
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    AWS G1.1M/G1.1 : 2006 GUIDE TO ULTRASONIC ASSEMBLY OF THERMOPLASTICS
    MIL STD 248 : D WELDING AND BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    DOD STD 2185 : 0 REQUIREMENTS FOR REPAIR AND STRAIGHTENING OF BRONZE NAVAL SHIP PROPELLERS
    UNI CEN/TR 14633 : 2012 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
    MIL STD 370 : A VISUAL ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR INSPECTION OF ALUMINUM ALLOY WELDS
    MIL HDBK 507 : 0 WELDING, FLASH, STANDARD LOW CARBON STEEL
    MIL B 13265 : C BRIDGES, FIXED, STEEL, RAILWAY, UNIT CONSTRUCTION, 70-FT., 2-GIRDER SPAN: AND CONVERSION SETS: COMPONENTS OF
    AA B 2825 : 0 BED, BUNK, STEEL, SQUARE TUBE, WITH END PANELS SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK
    AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
    MIL E 23765 : B ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    AWS BRH : 0 BRAZING HANDBOOK
    AWS D18.1/D18.1M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
    SAE AMS 2689 : 2016 FUSION WELDING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
    MIL HDBK 21 : 0 HANDBOOK FOR WELDED JOINTS DESIGNS, ARMORED TANK TYPE
    MIL B 15228 : G BED, BUNK, STEEL, ROUND TUBE, SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK (CONVERTIBLE TYPE)
    MIL W 6858 : D WELDING RESISTANCE, SPOT AND SEAM
    ASME Y14.100M : 1998 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES
    MIL STD 1261 : C ARC WELDING PROCEDURES FOR CONSTRUCTIONAL STEELS
    AWS B5.16 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING ENGINEERS
    MIL STD 372 : 0 WELDING, GAS METAL-ARC AND GAS TUNGSTEN-ARC, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, READILY WELDABLE FOR STRUCTURES, EXCLUDING ARMOR
    MIL STD 1881 : 0 BRAZING SILVER, GENERAL PROCESS FOR
    MIL STD 1185 : 0 WELDING, HIGH HARDNESS ARMOR
    MIL STD 2104 : 0 WELDING, TUNGSTEN ARC, GAS, MANUAL (GTAW-MA) REQUIREMENTS FOR
    MIL STD 1892 : 0 WELDING, ARC AND OXYFUEL GAS, PROCESS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR
    AWS C4.4/C4.4M : 2007 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR HEAT SHAPING AND STRAIGHTENING WITH OXYFUEL GAS HEATING TORCHES
    AWS C5.5/C5.5M : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING
    MIL STD 40008 : 0 PNEUMATIC PRESSURE TESTING PARTS WITH PERMANENT JOINTS - WELDS, BRAZES & RIVETS
    AWS D16.2M/16.2 : 2007 GUIDE FOR COMPONENTS OF ROBOTIC AND AUTOMATIC ARC WELDING INSTALLATIONS
    SAE MA 2060 : 2015 FITTINGS, WELDED, HYDRAULIC, TITANIUM AND CORROSION RESISTANT STEEL, 21 000 KPA, METRIC
    MIL R 61001 : 0 RACKS, STORAGE, LOADED PALLET
    AWS D1.7/D1.7M : 2010 GUIDE FOR STRENGTHENING AND REPAIRING EXISTING STRUCTURES
    AWS D14.2 : 1993 SPECIFICATION FOR METAL CUTTING MACHINE TOOL WELDMENTS
    ANSI/AWWA C200 : 2017 STEEL WATER PIPE, 6 IN. (150 MM) AND LARGER
    NASA PRC 0009 : 2004 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING OF BATTERY AND ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLIES
    AWS B5.15 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF RADIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETERS
    ASME B31.4 : 2016 PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS FOR LIQUIDS AND SLURRIES
    AWS C7.2M : 2010 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR LASER BEAM WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    AWS F6.1 : 78(R1988) SOUND LEVEL MEASUREMENT OF MANUAL ARC WELDING AND CUTTING PROCESSES, METHOD FOR,
    AWS C5.7 : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
    AWS C3.4 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR TORCH BRAZING
    AWS D10.7M/D10.7 : 2008 GUIDE FOR THE GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY PIPE
    AWS D14.3/D14.3M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING EARTHMOVING, CONSTRUCTION, AND AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT
    AWS D10.11M/D10.11 : 2007 GUIDE FOR ROOT PASS WELDING OF PIPE WITHOUT BACKING
    AWS B5.5 : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING EDUCATORS
    AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
    AWS C3.6 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR FURNACE BRAZING
    AWS QC15 : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF RADIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETERS
    AWS TSS : 1985 THERMAL SPRAYING: PRACTICE, THEORY, AND APPLICATION
    AWS D8.14M/D8.14 : 2000 SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND LIGHT TRUCK COMPONENTS WELD QUALITY - ALUMINIUM ARC WELDING
    AWS D14.5 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
    AWS A9.1 : 1992 STANDARD GUIDE FOR DESCRIBING ARC WELDS IN COMPUTERIZED MATERIAL PROPERTY AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION DATABASES
    AWS WHC1.11 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 11: MECHANIZED, AUTOMATED AND ROBOTIC WELDING
    AWS D10.14M/D10.14 : 2010 GUIDE FOR MULTIPASS ORBITAL MACHINE PIPE GROOVE WELDING
    AWS D1.2/D1.2M : 2014 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - ALUMINUM
    AWS C5.10/C5.10M : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SHIELDING GASES FOR WELDING AND CUTTING
    ASME Y14.100 : 2017 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES - ENGINEERING DRAWING AND RELATED DOCUMENTATION PRACTICES
    AWS A5.13/A5.13M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR SURFACING ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS D14.1/D14.1M : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
    AWS C3.3 : 2008 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR THE DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, AND EXAMINATION OF CRITICAL BRAZED COMPONENTS
    AWS B5.9 : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING SUPERVISORS
    AWS C3.5 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR INDUCTION BRAZING
    AWS WHC1.04 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 4: WELDING METALLURGY
    AWS PASS : 1999 PROFESSIONAL'S ADVISOR ON WELDING OF STAINLESS STEEL
    AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
    AWS B5.1 : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
    AWS D14.7/D14.7M : 2005 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SURFACING AND RECONDITIONING OF INDUSTRIAL MILL ROLLS
    AWS D1.4/D1.4M : 2011 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - REINFORCING STEEL
    AWS GWF : 1998 GUIDE FOR SETTING UP A WELDER TRAINING FACILITY
    AWS WHB.3.9 : 2007 WELDING PROCESSES - PART 2: WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOL. 3
    AWS PRGVT : 1999 PRACTICAL REFERENCE GUIDE FOR WELDING INSPECTION MANAGEMENT: VISUAL INSPECTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS AND PRESSURE PIPING
    AWS D1.5M/D1.5 : 2015 BRIDGE WELDING CODE
    AWS D10.13/D10.13M : 2001 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR BRAZING OF COPPER PIPE AND TUBING FOR MEDICAL GAS SYSTEMS
    AWS CMWS : 2005 CERTIFIED WELDING SUPERVISOR MANUAL FOR QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT
    AWS C5.10 : 1994 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SHIELDING GASES FOR WELDING AND PLASMA ARC CUTTING
    AWS D3.6M : 2010 UNDERWATER WELDING CODE
    AWS WHC1.05 : 0 WELDING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH ED., VOL 1 - CHAPTER 5: DESIGN FOR WELDING
    AWS C6.2/C6.2M : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION WELDING OF METALS
    AWS B1.11 : 2000 GUIDE FOR THE VISUAL EXAMINATION OF WELDS
    AWS D3.9 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR CLASSIFICATION OF WELD-THROUGH PAINT PRIMERS
    AWS QC17 : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR AWS ACCREDITATION OF CERTIFIED WELDING FABRICATORS
    AWS D10.6/D10.6M : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING
    AWS QC14 : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR THE CERTIFICATION OF WELDING SALES REPRESENTATIVES
    AWS D5.2 : 1984 WELDED STEEL ELEVATED TANKS, STANDPIPES, AND RESERVOIRS FOR WATER STORAGE, STANDARD FOR,
    AWS A5.9 : 93(R1999) BARE STAINLESS STEEL WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS, SPECIFICATION FOR
    AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
    AWS C3.9M/C3.9 : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR RESISTANCE BRAZING
    AWS B1.10 : 1999 GUIDE FOR THE NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF WELDS
    AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
    SAE AMS 2690 : 2017 PARALLEL GAP, WELDING, MICROELECTRONIC INTERCONNECTIONS TO THIN FILM SUBSTRATES
    I.S. TR 14633:2004 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
    AWWA C303 : 2017 CONCRETE PRESSURE PIPE, BAR-WRAPPED, STEEL-CYLINDER TYPE
    UNE-EN ISO 17677-1:2010 Resistance welding - Vocabulary - Part 1: Spot, projection and seam welding (ISO 17677-1:2009)
    UNI EN ISO 17677-1 : 2010 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
    ASME B31.1 : 2016 POWER PIPING
    ASME BPE : 2016 BIOPROCESSING EQUIPMENT
    AISC 206 : 2013 AISC CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL ERECTORS - STANDARD FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL ERECTORS
    I.S. EN ISO 17677-1:2009 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
    EN ISO 17677-1 : 2009 RESISTANCE WELDING - VOCABULARY - PART 1: SPOT, PROJECTION AND SEAM WELDING
    ASME AG-1 : 2019 CODE ON NUCLEAR AIR AND GAS TREATMENT
    ASME AG 1 : 2012 CODE ON NUCLEAR AIR AND GAS TREATMENT
    DIN EN ISO 6947:2011-08 WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES - WELDING POSITIONS
    UNI EN ISO 6947 : 2012 WELDING AND ALLIED PROCESSES - WELDING POSITIONS
    NASA MSFC SPEC 504 : 1990 WELDING, ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
    NASA MSFC SPEC 3679 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION - WELDING AEROSPACE HARDWARE
    NASA SPEC 5004A : 2003 WELDING OF AEROSPACE GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT AND RELATED NONCONVENTIONAL FACILITIES
    NASA PRC 0001 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY HARDWARE
    NASA PRC 0015 : 2016 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
    NASA KSC GP 435 VOL 2 : 1993 ENGINEERING DRAWING PRACTICES - VOLUME 2: FACILITIES
    NASA MSFC SPEC 560 : 1988 THE FUSION WELDING OF STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS
    NASA MSFC SPEC 766 : 1982 FUSION WELDING TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
    NASA PRC 0010 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC AND MACHINE ARC WELDING OF STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
    NASA PRC 0005 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CARBON STEEL AND NICKEL ALLOY HARDWARE
    NASA PRC 0002 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR THE MANUAL ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM ALLOY HARDWARE
    NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
    MIL HDBK 115 : C U.S. ARMY REVERSE ENGINEERING HANDBOOK (GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES)
    CEN/TR 14633 : 2003 WELDING - WORKING POSITIONS - COMPARISON OF CURRENT INTERNATIONAL, EUROPEAN AND US DESIGNATIONS
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