• ASTM E 384 : 2017 : REDLINE

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    Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  08-25-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 03.01, 2017 Defines determination of the microindentation hardness of materials.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers determination of the microindentation hardness of materials.

    1.2This test method covers microindentation tests made with Knoop and Vickers indenters under test forces in the range from 9.8 × 10-3 to 9.8 N (1 to 1000 gf).

    1.3This test method includes an analysis of the possible sources of errors that can occur during microindentation testing and how these factors affect the precision, bias, repeatability, and reproducibility of test results.

    1.4Information pertaining to the requirements for direct verification and calibration of the testing machine and the requirements for the manufacture and calibration of Vickers and Knoop reference hardness test blocks are in Test Method E92.

    Note 1:While Committee E04 is primarily concerned with metals, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials.

    1.5Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 04
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    SAE AMS 5925 : 2012 STEEL, CORROSION -RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS, 15.5CR - 1.8MO - 0.20N (0.37 - 0.45C), ELECTROSLAG REMELTED
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    DIN EN ISO 15156-3:2015-12 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - MATERIALS FOR USE IN H[2]S-CONTAINING ENVIRONMENTS IN OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION - PART 3: CRACKING-RESISTANT CRAS (CORROSION-RESISTANT ALLOYS) AND OTHER ALLOYS (ISO 15156-3:2015)
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    SAE AMS 2438 : 2015 PLATING, CHROMIUM, THIN, HARD, DENSE DEPOSIT
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    I.S. EN ISO 13628-5:2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 5: SUBSEA UMBILICALS
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    ASTM F 364 : 1996 Standard Specification for Molybdenum Flattened Wire for Electron Tubes
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    SAE AMS 5225 : 2014 IRON-NICKEL ALLOY, STRIP, 49FE - 5.3CR - 42NI - 2.5TI - 0.55AL, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED, COLD ROLLED, 50% REDUCTION
    SAE AMS 5621 : 2015 STEEL, CORROSION RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS, 13CR (0.30-0.40C) (51420), ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6953 : 2018 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, 6AL - 4SN - 3NB - 0.5MO - 0.3SI, DUPLEX ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6413 : 2016 STEEL, MECHANICAL TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.35 - 0.40C) (4337)
    ASTM C 1327 : 2015 : REDLINE TEST METHOD FOR VICKERS INDENTATION HARDNESS OF ADVANCED CERAMICS
    SAE AMS 6356 : 2015 STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.95CR - 0.20MO - (0.30 - 0.35C) (4132)
    SAE AMS 2745 : 2012 INDUCTION HARDENING OF STEEL PARTS
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    SAE AMS 5749 : 2014 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 14.5CR - 4.0MO - 1.2V (1.10-1.20C) PREMIUM QUALITY FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS, DOUBLE VACUUM MELTED
    SAE AMS 6493 : 2013 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.0CR - 3.25NI - 0.40MO (0.17 - 0.22C), ELECTROSLAG REMELTED OR CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM REMELTED, PREMIUM AIRCRAFT-QUALITY
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    SAE AS 7108 : 2009 NADCAP AUDIT CRITERIA FOR CHEMICAL PROCESSING
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    ASTM A 1086 : 2013 Standard Specification for Thin-Gauge Nonoriented Electrical Steel Fully Processed Types
    SAE AMS 2774 : 2016 HEAT TREATMENT, WROUGHT NICKEL ALLOY AND COBALT ALLOY PARTS
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    MIL DTL 32480 : 0 ADAPTER, HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC, FLARELESS TUBE FITTING TO ORFS CONNECTORS, 1500 TO 3000 PSI AND -65 DEGREES F TO 250 DEGREES F, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
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    SAE AMS 7851 : 2017 COLUMBIUM (NIOBIUM) ALLOY FOIL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 10W - 2.5ZR, RECRYSTALLIZED
    ASME B107.500 : 2010 PLIERS
    SAE AMS 5553 : 2018 NICKEL, SHEET AND STRIP, LOW (0.02 MAX) CARBON, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6425 : 2015 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.4MN - 1.5SI - 0.30CR - 1.8NI - 0.40MO (0.23 - 0.28C), CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM MELTED
    ASTM E 10 : 2017-05 TEST METHOD FOR BRINELL HARDNESS OF METALLIC MATERIALS
    NBR 16165 : 2017 INDUCTION BENDS FOR PROCESS PIPING - REQUIREMENTS
    SAE AMS 2406 : 2015 PLATING, CHROMIUM, HARD DEPOSIT
    SAE AMS 6951 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET 5AL - 4V - 0.75MO - 0.5FE ANNEALED
    ASTM C 1326 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    SAE AMS 2759/13 : 2018 GASEOUS NITROCARBURIZING
    SAE AIR 4777 : 2013(R 2018) NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION (NDI) METHODS USED DURING PRODUCTION AND OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT WHEELS AND BRAKES
    SAE AMS 6304 : 2016 LOW-ALLOY STEEL, HEAT-RESISTANT, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.95CR - 0.55MO - 0.30V (0.40 - 0.50C)
    SAE AMS 6409E : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) SPECIAL AIRCRAFT QUALITY CLEANLINESS, NORMALIZED AND TEMPERED
    ASTM B 578 : 1987 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
    SAE AMS 6945 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY, SINGLE MELT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 6AL - 4V ANNEALED
    ASTM E 1077 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Estimating the Depth of Decarburization of Steel Specimens
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    BS EN ISO 17945:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Metallic materials resistant to sulfide stress cracking in corrosive petroleum refining environments
    SAE AMS 6395 : 2015 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4140)
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    SAE AMS 6484 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) NORMALIZED AND TEMPERED
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    NACE RP 04 72 : 2005 METHODS AND CONTROLS TO PREVENT IN-SERVICE ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING OF CARBON STEEL WELDMENTS IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS
    ASTM B 277 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Hardness of Electrical Contact Materials
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    SAE AMS 5223 : 2012 IRON-NICKEL ALLOY, STRIP, 49Fe 5.3Cr 42Ni 2.5Ti 0.55Al, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED, COLD ROLLED, 10% REDUCTION
    ASTM B 596 : 1989 : R2006 Standard Specification for Gold-Copper Alloy Electrical Contact Material
    SAE AMS6328N : 2017 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.48 TO 0.53C) (SAE 8750)
    MIL PRF 32577 : 0 COATING SYSTEM, NONSKID, METALLIC THERMAL SPRAY APPLICATION
    ASTM E 1268 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Practice for Assessing the Degree of Banding or Orientation of Microstructures
    ASTM B 832 : 1993 : R2008 Standard Guide for Electroforming with Nickel and Copper
    CSA Z245.1 : 2014 STEEL PIPE
    ASTM B 684 : 1997 : R2008 Standard Specification for Platinum-Iridium Electrical Contact Materials
    BS 3828(1973) : 1973 SPECIFICATION FOR CRYSTAL GLASS
    MIL C 26074 : E COATINGS, ELECTROLESS NICKEL, REQUIREMENTS FOR
    SAE AMS 6492 : 2013 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.0CR - 3.25NI - 0.40MO (0.17 - 0.22C) AIRCRAFT QUALITY
    SAE J 2270 : 2016 SHIP SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT - THREADED FASTENERS - INSPECTION, TEST, AND INSTALLATION GUIDANCE
    ASTM B 613 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Preparing Specifications for Miniature Brushes of Composite Materials for Sliding Electric Contacts
    SAE AMS 6317K : 2017 STEEL BARS AND FORGINGS, 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (4640), HEAT TREATED, 125 KSI (862 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS C 26074 : 2013 ELECTROLESS NICKEL COATINGS
    GGG K 275 : D KEY, SOCKET HEAD SCREW AND KEY SETS SOCKET HEAD (WRENCH, HEXAGON, SPLINE AND SQUARE)
    SAE AMS 6323 : 2017 STEEL, MECHANICAL TUBING 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 8740)
    ASTM F 3302 : 2018 Standard for Additive Manufacturing – Finished Part Properties – Standard Specification for Titanium Alloys via Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM F 2162 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Specification for Bearing, Roller, Needle: Drawn Outer Ring, Full Complement, Without Inner Ring, Open and Closed End, Standard Type
    SAE AMS 5892 : 2014 ALLOY, SHEET AND STRIP, 42FE - 37.5NI - 14CO - 4.8CB (NB) - 1.6TI, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED, PRECIPITATION HARDENABLE, MULTIPLE MELTED, HIGH TEMPERATURE, LOW EXPANSION
    A A 52202 : C OPENER, CAN, HAND, FOR SQUARE AND ROUND FOOD CANS
    I.S. EN ISO 3183:2012 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - STEEL PIPE FOR PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS (ISO 3183:2012)
    ABMA 10A : 2001 : R2015 METAL BALLS FOR UNGROUND BEARINGS AND OTHER USES
    SAE AMS 2759/7 : 2010 CARBURIZING AND HEAT TREATMENT OF CARBURIZING GRADE STEEL PARTS
    SAE AMS 5085 : 2017 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.48 - 0.55C (SAE 1050)
    SAE AMS 6551 : 2013 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS AND TUBING 1.75CR - 4.0NI - 0.5MO - (0.35 - 0.40C) PREMIUM AIRCRAFT QUALITY CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM REMELTED
    MIL DTL 32464 : A FITTINGS, ADAPTER, HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC, 37 DEGREES SPHERICAL TO ANPT CONNECTORS, 1500 TO 3000 PSI, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    ASTM B 476 : 2001 : R2017 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Precious Metal Electrical Contact Materials
    API 5C7:1996 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR COILED TUBING OPERATIONS IN OIL AND GAS WELL SERVICES
    NACE TM 01 77 : 2016 LABORATORY TESTING OF METALS FOR RESISTANCE TO SULFIDE STRESS CRACKING AND STRESS CORROSION CRACKING IN H[2]S ENVIRONMENTS
    DOD F 24669/3 : 0 FORGINGS AND FORGING STOCK, STEEL BARS AND BILLETS FOR NITRIDING (METRIC)
    SAE AMS 6434 : 2016 STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.78CR - 1.8NI - 0.35MO - 0.20V (0.33 - 0.38C) (4335 MOD)
    SAE AMS 6433 : 2015 STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 0.75MN - 0.78CR - 1.8NI - 0.35MO - 0.20V (0.33 - 0.38C) (4335 MOD)
    ABMA 10A : 2001 : R2008 METAL BALLS FOR UNGROUND BEARINGS AND OTHER USES
    API 5ST:2010 SPECIFICATION FOR COILED TUBING
    SAE AMS 2757 : 2010 GASEOUS NITROCARBURIZING
    SAE J 1993 : 2013(R2019) HIGH-CARBON CAST-STEEL GRIT
    SAE AMS 6491 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 4.1CR - 4.2MO - 1.0V (0.80 - 0.85C) (M-50) PREMIUM AIRCRAFT-QUALITY FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS, DOUBLE VACUUM MELTED
    SAE AMS 6411 : 2018 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.88CR - 1.8NI - 0.42MO - 0.08V (0.28 - 0.33C) (4330 MOD) CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    SAE AMS 5912 : 2014 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP, 19CR - 9.2NI (SAE 30304), COLD ROLLED, 3/4 HARD, 175 KSI (1207 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    ASTM B 578 : 1987 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
    SAE AMS 6362 : 2014 STEEL TUBING, SEAMLESS, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.28 - 0.33C) (SAE 4130), 150 KSI (1034 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    ASTM F 1459 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Hydrogen Gas Embrittlement (HGE)
    SAE ARP 5483/2 : 2017 ROLLING ELEMENT BEARING HARDNESS TEST
    SAE AMS 6312 : 2015 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (4640)
    SAE AMS 6438 : 2001(S2016) STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 1.05CR - 0.55NI - 1.0MO - 0.12V (0.45 - 0.50C) CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM MELTED
    ABMA 10A : 2001 METAL BALLS FOR UNGROUND BEARINGS AND OTHER USES
    SAE AMS 6477 : 2015 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.80CR (0.90 - 1.03C), FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS
    SAE AMS 6358 : 2016 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 8740)
    SAE ARP 1341 : 2010 DETERMINING DECARBURIZATION AND CARBURIZATION IN FINISHED PARTS OF CARBON AND LOW-ALLOY STEELS
    API SPEC 16F : 2017 SPECIFICATION FOR MARINE DRILLING RISER EQUIPMENT
    SAE AMS 3880 : 2016 CRYSTALLIZED GLASS CERAMIC
    MIL DTL 32371 : 0 FITTINGS, ADAPTER, HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC, SPHERICAL TO ORFS CONNECTORS, 1500 TO 3000 PSI, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    SAE AMS 6427 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.88CR - 1.8NI - 0.42MO - 0.08V (0.25 - 0.33C) (4330 MOD)
    SAE AMS 6385 : 2015 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, LOW ALLOY, HEAT-RESISTANT, 0.65SI - 1.25CR - 0.50MO - 0.25V (0.27 - 0.33C)
    SAE AMS 6454 : 2011 STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 1.8NI - 0.80CR - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) VACUUM CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    ASTM C 730 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    ASTM F 3042 : 2013 Standard Specification for Nonferrous Hex Socket, Slotted Headless, and Square Head Set Screws
    ASTM B 540 : 1997 : R2012 Standard Specification for Palladium Electrical Contact Alloy
    SAE AMS 4990 : 2015 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 6AL - 6V - 2SN, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND AGED
    API 11AX RUSSIAN : 13ED 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR SUBSURFACE SUCKER ROD PUMP ASSEMBLIES, COMPONENTS, AND FITTINGS, THIRTEENTH EDITION
    SAE AMS 6257 : 2016 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.6SI - 0.82CR - 1.8NI - 0.40MO - 0.08V (0.40 - 0.44C), CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM REMELTED, NORMALIZED AND TEMPERED
    MIL HDBK 1886 : 0 TUNGSTEN CARBIDE-COBALT COATING, DETONATION PROCESS FOR
    MIL S 8844 : D STEEL BAR, REFORGING STOCK AND MECHANICAL TUBING LOW ALLOY PREMIUM QUALITY
    API 5L CHINESE : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR LINE PIPE
    SAE AMS 2423 : 2015 PLATING, NICKEL, HARD DEPOSIT
    SAE AMS 5606 : 2013 ALLOY, CORROSION AND HEAT-RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 41.5NI - 16CR - 37FE - 2.9CB (NB) - 1.8TI CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE OR VACUUM INDUCTION MELTED 1750 DEGREES F (954 DEGREES C) SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 6357 : 2015 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.33 - 0.38C) (8735)
    SAE AMS 6396 : 2015 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.49 - 0.55C) ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6495 : 2016 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.0CR - 2.50NI - 2.0MO - 1.10SI (0.10 - 0.20C), PREMIUM AIRCRAFT-QUALITY, ELECTROSLAG REMELTED OR CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM REMELTED
    SAE AMS 2460 : 2013 PLATING, CHROMIUM
    SAE AMS 6407 : 2017 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.2CR - 2.0NI - 0.45MO (0.27 - 0.33C)
    SAE AMS 6322 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 8740)
    SAE AMS 6265 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.2CR - 3.25NI - 0.12MO (0.07 - 0.13C) (9310), VACUUM CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    SAE AMS 5899 : 2013 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS, 17CR - 0.52MO (0.95 - 1.20C), POWDER METALLURGY PRODUCT, HOT ISOSTATICALLY PRESSED
    SAE AMS 6349 : 2017 STEEL BARS, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.38 TO 0.43C) (SAE 4140), NORMALIZED
    ASTM B 684/B684M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Platinum-Iridium Electrical Contact Materials
    ASTM B 832 : 1993 : R2013 Standard Guide for Electroforming with Nickel and Copper
    SAE AMS 4915 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 8AL - 1V - 1MO SINGLE ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6423 : 2016 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.92CR - 0.75NI - 0.52MO - 0.003B - 0.04V (MODIFIED 98BV40)
    SAE AMS 6361 : 2014 STEEL TUBING, SEAMLESS, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.28 - 0.33C) (SAE 4130) 125 KSI (862 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4989 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 3AL - 2.5V, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 7848 : 2015( TANTALUM ALLOY, BARS AND RODS, 90TA - 10W
    SAE AMS 6325 : 2015 STEEL, BARS, AND FORGINGS 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 8740) HEAT TREATED, 105 KSI (724 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 6539 : 2013 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.7CR - 3.8NI - 0.3MO - (0.32-0.38 C), AIRCRAFT-QUALITY
    ASTM B 477 : 1997 Standard Specification for Gold-Silver-Nickel Electrical Contact Alloy
    SAE AMS 6324 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.65CR - 0.70NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (8740 MODIFIED)
    SAE AMS 7855 : 2017 COLUMBIUM (NIOBIUM) ALLOY BARS, RODS, AND WIRE, 10W - 2.5ZR, RECRYSTALLIZED
    SAE AMS 4917 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 13.5V - 11CR - 3.0AL - SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 6415 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340)
    SAE AMS 6490 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 4.0CR - 4.2MO - 1.0V (0.77 - 0.85C) (M-50) PREMIUM AIRCRAFT-QUALITY FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM MELTED
    SAE AMS 6381 : 2017 STEEL, MECHANICAL TUBING, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4140)
    SAE AMS 6414 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) VACUUM CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    SAE AMS 5529 : 2012 STEEL, CORROSION RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP, 17CR - 7.1NI - 1.1AL, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND COLD ROLLED, PRECIPITATION HARDENABLE, 0.0015 TO 0.100 INCH (0.038 TO 2.54 MM) NOMINAL THICKNESS
    SAE AMS 4899 : 2016 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 4.5AI - 3V - 2FE - 2MO, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4986 : 2015 TITANIUM ALLOY, FORGINGS, 10V - 2FE - 3AL, CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE MELTED, SINGLE-STEP SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND OVERAGED, 160 KSI (1103 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 6447 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.4CR (0.93-1.05C) (SAE 52100), ELECTROSLAG REMELTED
    ASTM B 541 : 2001 : R2018 Standard Specification for Gold Electrical Contact Alloy
    SAE AMS 6431 : 2017 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.05CR - 0.55NI - 1.0MO - 0.11V (0.45 - 0.50C) (D6AC), VACUUM CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    CSA Z662 PACKAGE : 2011 CONSISTS OF Z662-11, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS AND Z662.1-11, COMMENTARY ON CSA Z662-11, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS
    SAE AMS 6479 : 2015 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 1.45CR (0.93-1.05C) (SAE 52100) SPECIAL AIRCRAFT-QUALITY CLEANLINESS
    ASTM B 563 : 2001 Standard Specification for Palladium-Silver-Copper Electrical Contact Alloy
    ASTM C 849 : 1988 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Ceramic Whitewares
    SAE AMS 2368 : 2017 SAMPLING AND TESTING OF WROUGHT TITANIUM RAW MATERIAL EXCEPT FORGINGS AND FORGING STOCK
    CSA Z662.1 : 2013 COMMENTARY ON CSA Z662-07, OIL AND GAS PIPELINE SYSTEMS
    SAE AMS 6282 : 2015 STEEL TUBING, MECHANICAL, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.33 - 0.38C) (SAE 8735)
    SAE AMS 7852 : 2017 COLUMBIUM (NIOBIUM) ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 10HF - 1.0TI
    API 11B : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR SUCKER RODS, POLISHED RODS AND LINERS, COUPLINGS, SINKER BARS, POLISHED ROD CLAMPS, STUFFING BOXES, AND PUMPING TEES
    SAE AMS 6302K : 2017 LOW-ALLOY STEEL, HEAT-RESISTANT, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.65SI - 1.25CR - 0.50MO - 0.25V (0.28 - 0.33C)