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  • AS 4332-1995

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    The storage and handling of gases in cylinders

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-04-2018

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-1995

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 4332-1995 THE STORAGE AND HANDLING OF GASES IN CYLINDERS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    7 - 1.1 SCOPE
    7 - 1.2 APPLICATION
    8 - 1.3 NEW DESIGNS AND INNOVATIONS
    8 - 1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    8 - 1.5 DEFINITIONS
    8 - 1.5.1 Access
    8 - 1.5.2 Approved, approval
    8 - 1.5.3 Asphyxia
    8 - 1.5.4 Asphyxiant
    8 - 1.5.5 Combustible materials
    8 - 1.5.6 Cylinder
    8 - 1.5.7 Fire damper
    9 - 1.5.8 Fire-resistance level (FRL)
    9 - 1.5.9 Flammable
    9 - 1.5.10 Flammable (explosive) range
    9 - 1.5.11 Flammable limits
    9 - 1.5.12 Hazardous area
    9 - 1.5.13 Ignition source
    9 - 1.5.14 Incompatible
    9 - 1.5.15 Liquefied gas
    9 - 1.5.16 Material safety data sheet (MSDS)
    9 - 1.5.17 Minor storage
    9 - 1.5.18 On-site facilities
    9 - 1.5.19 Pneumatic shock (adiabatic compression)
    10 - 1.5.20 Practicable
    10 - 1.5.21 Protected places
    10 - 1.5.22 Regulator
    10 - 1.5.23 Regulatory authority
    10 - 1.5.24 Restricted area
    10 - 1.5.25 Screen wall
    10 - 1.5.26 Segregation
    10 - 1.5.27 Separation
    10 - 1.5.28 Static electricity
    10 - 1.5.29 Transit storage
    10 - 1.5.30 Vapour barrier
    10 - 1.5.31 Water capacity (WC)
    10 - 1.6 CLASSIFICATION
    11 - 1.7 MARKING
    11 - 1.8 SECURITY OF STORAGE AREAS
    12 - SECTION 2 MINOR STORAGE
    12 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    12 - 2.2 CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION AS MINOR STORAGE
    12 - 2.3 MINOR STORAGE OF MIXED GASES
    12 - 2.4 PRECAUTIONS FOR THE STORAGE OF GASES IN MINOR QUANTITIES
    13 - 2.5 OUTDOOR STORAGE
    13 - 2.6 INDOOR STORAGE
    13 - 2.7 FIRST AID
    13 - 2.8 FIRE PROTECTION FOR MINOR STORES
    13 - 2.8.1 Fire protection equipment
    14 - 2.8.2 Action in the event of fire
    15 - SECTION 3 TRANSIT STORAGE
    15 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    15 - 3.2 DELINEATION OF TRANSIT STORAGE AREAS
    15 - 3.3 REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSIT STORAGE
    16 - SECTION 4 CONSTRUCTION AND LOCATION OF STORES
    16 - 4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    16 - 4.2 TYPES OF STORES
    16 - 4.3 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF STORES
    17 - 4.4 VENTILATION OF INDOOR STORES
    17 - 4.4.1 General
    17 - 4.4.2 Natural ventilation
    18 - 4.4.3 Mechanical ventilation
    20 - 4.5 SEPARATION AND SEGREGATION
    20 - 4.5.1 General
    20 - 4.5.2 Separation
    20 - 4.5.3 Segregation
    22 - SECTION 5 OPERATIONAL AND PERSONNEL SAFETY
    22 - 5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    22 - 5.2 PRECAUTIONS
    22 - 5.2.1 General precautions
    23 - 5.2.2 Precautions for flammable gases
    23 - 5.2.3 Precautions for oxidizing gases
    24 - 5.2.4 Precautions for toxic gases
    24 - 5.2.5 Precautions for refrigerated and cryogenic gases
    24 - 5.2.6 Precautions for acetylene
    25 - 5.2.7 Control of entry
    25 - 5.2.8 Clear access
    25 - 5.2.9 Lighting
    25 - 5.3 PERSONNEL TRAINING
    25 - 5.3.1 Job knowledge
    25 - 5.3.2 Training
    25 - 5.3.3 Contractors
    26 - 5.3.4 Retraining of personnel
    26 - 5.4 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
    26 - 5.4.1 General
    26 - 5.4.2 Types of personal protective equipment
    26 - 5.4.3 Occasions for use of personal protective equipment
    26 - 5.4.4 Care and maintenance of personal protective equipment
    26 - 5.5 FIRST AID
    26 - 5.5.1 First aid station
    26 - 5.5.2 Safety shower and eye-wash facilities
    26 - 5.5.3 First aid procedures
    27 - SECTION 6 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
    27 - 6.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    27 - 6.2 PLANNING FOR EMERGENCIES
    27 - 6.2.1 Considerations in designing premises
    27 - 6.2.2 Emergency plan
    28 - 6.3 MANIFEST
    28 - 6.4 PLACARDING
    28 - 6.4.1 Placarding of stores
    28 - 6.4.2 Safety information board
    28 - 6.5 MANAGEMENT OF LEAKS
    29 - SECTION 7 FIRE PROTECTION
    29 - 7.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    29 - 7.2 APPLICATION
    29 - 7.3 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    29 - 7.3.1 Hazards
    29 - 7.3.2 Design and compatibility
    29 - 7.3.3 Fire protection
    30 - 7.3.4 Heat protection
    30 - 7.3.5 Integration with existing facilities
    30 - 7.3.6 Location
    30 - 7.3.7 Weather protection
    30 - 7.3.8 Fixed fire protection and detection systems
    30 - 7.3.9 Fire alarm systems
    31 - 7.4 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    31 - 7.4.1 General
    31 - 7.4.2 Location
    31 - 7.4.3 Maintenance
    31 - 7.4.4 Limitations
    31 - 7.4.5 Rating
    31 - 7.5 HOSE REELS
    31 - 7.5.1 General
    31 - 7.5.2 Location
    31 - 7.5.3 Maintenance
    31 - 7.6 FIRE HYDRANTS
    31 - 7.6.1 General
    32 - 7.6.2 Location
    32 - 7.6.3 Maintenance
    32 - 7.7 MONITORS
    32 - 7.8 SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
    32 - 7.8.1 General
    32 - 7.8.2 Maintenance
    32 - 7.9 WATER SUPPLY
    33 - 7.10 FIRE PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS
    33 - 7.11 ACTION IN THE EVENT OF FIRE
    34 - SECTION 8 DISPOSAL OF CYLINDERS
    34 - 8.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    34 - 8.2 DISPOSAL OF UNDAMAGED CYLINDERS
    34 - 8.3 DISPOSAL OF DAMAGED, CORRODED OR LEAKING CYLINDERS
    35 - APPENDIX A - HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH THE STORAGE AND HANDLING OF GASES
    35 - A1 PRESSURE
    35 - A2 FLAMMABILITY
    36 - A3 REACTIVITY
    36 - A4 TOXICITY
    36 - A5 ASPHYXIANT HAZARD
    36 - A6 OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES
    36 - A7 COLD HAZARD
    38 - APPENDIX B - LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    41 - APPENDIX C - CYLINDER DESIGNATIONS AND NOMINAL WATER CAPACITIES
    41 - C1 CYLINDER CAPACITIES
    41 - C2 CYLINDER SIZES
    42 - APPENDIX D - MANAGEMENT OF LEAKS
    43 - APPENDIX E - BIBLIOGRAPHY OF DOCUMENTS PROVIDING GUIDELINES ON THE PREPARATION OF EMERGENCY PLANS
    44 - APPENDIX F - INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED TO EMERGENCY SERVICES
    45 - APPENDIX G - ACTION IN THE EVENT OF FIRE

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Sets out requirements and recommendations for the storage and handling, in cylinders, of gases that are classified in the ADG Code as dangerous goods of Class 2. The Standard applies to stores in which individual gases, other than those which are dealt with in other Australian Standards, are kept, and to all stores in which more than one type of gas is kept. A bibliography of documents providing guidelines on the preparation of emergency plans is provided in an appendix.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out requirements and recommendations for the safe storage and handling, in cylinders, of gases that are classified as Class 2 substances in the ADG Code (i.e. gases that are compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure, including refrigerated liquefied gases, mixtures of one or more gases with vapours or liquids of substances of other classes, articles charged with a gas and aerosols having a capacity of greater than 1 L). The Standard applies to all locations; however, they will generally be industrial, commercial or rural in nature.This Standard only applies to the storage of gases in cylinders, where those cylinders are not connected to any system intended for the transport, filling or consumption of the gas.The Standard does not apply to gases in dewar flasks, drums, or any containers not covered by the AS 2030 series of Standards.Residential premises storing less than 10% of the maximum quantities allowable for minor storage shall be exempt from the requirements of this Standard.For the purposes of this Standard, all cylinders shall be regarded as full unless gas-freed by the manufacturer or not containing a valve.NOTES:1 Advice supplementary to that provided in this Standard may need to be sought from the supplier of the goods.2 A discussion of the hazards presented by gases during their storage and handling is provided in Appendix A.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CH-009
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 03100 First published as AS 4332-1995.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1221-1991 Fire hose reels
    AS 4265-1995 Wheeled fire extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2030.3-1982 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for the storage and transport of compressed gases - Non-refillable cylinders for compressed gases
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1851.2-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hose reels
    AS 2022-1983 Anhydrous ammonia - Storage and handling (known as the SAA Anhydrous Ammonia Code)
    AS 1841.2-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Water type
    AS 2430.1-1987 Classification of hazardous areas - Explosive gas atmospheres
    AS 2243.2-1990 Safety in laboratories - Chemical aspects
    AS 2927-1987 The storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas
    AS 1851.3-1985 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire sprinkler systems
    AS 3961-1991 Liquefied natural gas - Storage and handling
    AS 2419.1-1994 Fire hydrant installations - System design, installation and commissioning
    AS 1850-1981 Portable fire extinguishers - Classification, rating and fire testing
    AS 1851.4-1992 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hydrant installations
    AS 1851.9-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Delivery lay flat fire hose
    AS 2243.10-1993 Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals
    AS 2243.6-1990 Safety in laboratories - Mechanical aspects
    AS 1603.5-1996 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - Manual call points
    AS 1596-1989 LP Gas - Storage and handling
    AS 1915-1992 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Battery-operated vehicles (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 2359.1-1995 Powered industrial trucks - General requirements
    AS 1530.1-1994 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Combustibility test for materials
    AS 1841.4-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Foam type
    AS 1680.2.0-1990 Interior lighting Recommendations for specific tasks and interiors
    AS 1020-1984 The control of undesirable static electricity
    AS 1603.2-1997 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - Point type smoke detectors
    AS 1670-1986 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - System design, installation, and commissioning
    AS 1841.6-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Carbon dioxide type
    AS 1530.4-1990 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Fire-resistance tests of elements of building construction
    AS 1270-1988 Acoustics - Hearing protectors
    AS/NZS 2210.2:1994 Occupational protective footwear Specification
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1841.5-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Powder type
    AS 2865-1995 Safe working in a confined space
    AS 2030.1-1999 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases - Cylinders for compressed gases other than acetylene
    AS/NZS 2210.1:1994 Occupational protective footwear - Guide to selection, care and use
    AS 3786-1993 Smoke alarms
    AS 2441-1988 Installation of fire hose reels
    AS 1851.1-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets
    AS 2118-1982 Automatic fire sprinkler systems (known as the SAA Code for Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems)
    AS 2030.2-1996 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for the storage and transport of compressed gases Cylinders for dissolved acetylene
    AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications
    AS 2444-1995 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location
    AS 3000-1986 Electrical installations - Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules) (incorporating Amdt 1)
    AS 1894-1997 The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2030.4-1985 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases Welded cylinders - Insulated
    AS/NZS 1716:1994 Respiratory protective devices
    AS 2161-1978 Industrial safety gloves and mittens (excluding electrical and medical gloves)
    AS/NZS 1715:1994 Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices
    AS 1668.2-1991 The use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings - Mechanical ventilation for acceptable indoor-air quality

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 2507-1998 The storage and handling of agricultural and veterinary chemicals
    AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 2896-1998 Medical gas systems - Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems
    AS/NZS 2243.1:1997 Safety in laboratories - General
    HB 40.2-1997 The Australian Refrigeration and Airconditioning Code of Good Practice Reduction of emissions of fluorocarbons in residential airconditioning applications
    AS/NZS 1677.2:1998 Refrigerating systems - Safety requirements for fixed applications
    AS/NZS 3833:1998 The storage and handling of mixed classes of dangerous goods in packages and intermediate bulk containers
    AS 1894-1997 The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids (Reconfirmed 2021)
    HB 40.3-1997 The Australian Refrigeration and Airconditioning Code of Good Practice Reduction of emissions of fluorocarbons in domestic refrigeration applications
    AS/NZS 2022:2003 Anhydrous ammonia - Storage and handling
    AS 4774.1-2003 Work in compressed air and hyperbaric facilities Work in tunnels, shafts and caissons
    AS/NZS 1596:1997 Storage and handling of LP Gas
    HB 40.1-1997 The Australian Refrigeration and Airconditioning Code of Good Practice Reduction of Emissions of Fluorocarbon Refrigerants in Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration and Airconditioning Applications
    AS/NZS 2243.2:1997 Safety in laboratories - Chemical aspects
    AS 2746-1999 Working areas for gas-fuelled vehicles
    AS 3848.1-1999 Filling of portable gas cylinders Decant filling of medical air and oxygen into portable cylinders - Safe procedures
    AS 4774.2-2002 Work in compressed air and hyperbaric facilities - Hyperbaric oxygen facilities
    AS/NZS 2927:2001 The storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 4839-2001 The safe use of portable and mobile oxy-fuel gas systems for welding, cutting, heating and allied processes (Reconfirmed 2016)
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