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  • ASTM D 7478/D7478M : 2011 : R2017

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    Standard Specification for Heavy Duty Sheathed Wood Crates

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-09-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 15.10, 2017 Defines requirements for two types and two classes of sheathed crates each of which may have two base styles.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This specification covers requirements for two types and two classes of sheathed crates each of which may have two base styles. The crates are designed for net loads not exceeding 30 000 pounds lb [13 607 kg] and to withstand the most severe overseas shipping and storage conditions.

    1.2The crates described by this specification are intended to protect items from atmospheric elements during shipment and storage. They are designed to withstand the rough handling of logistic operations including stacking and outside storage for a prolonged period.

    1.3Class 1 and 2 crates may be used interchangeably as desired. However, the Class 2 crate should be used when weight is a prime consideration, as the lack of diagonals and thinner plywood sheathing results in a lighter crate.

    1.4Demountable crates, Type II, should be used whenever it is expected that the contained item will require reshipping to another destination.

    1.5Sill bases, Style B, are intended for items that project below their mounting points, such as disassembled vehicles.

    1.6If the use of other construction method or techniques is acceptable and permitted (see 5.10), the resulting packaging systems shall be of equal or better performance than would result from the use of these specified materials and procedures. The appropriate distribution cycle, specified in Practice D4169 can be used to develop comparative procedures and criteria.

    1.7The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. See IEEE/ASTM SI 10 for conversion of units.

    1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 10
    Development Note Supersedes MIL C 104 (C). (06/2009) Supersedes MIL C 3774 (B). (03/2015)
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2017
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3953 : 2006 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seal
    ASTM D 4169 : 2016 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 6199 : 1997 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM D 4169 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM F 1667 : 2005 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4169 : 2005 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 6253 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 2007 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 4442 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 6199 : 1997 : R2005 Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM D 3953 : 1991 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM F 1667 : 2018 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4169 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 4675 : 2009 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 2012 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 3953 : 2015 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM F 1667 : 2013 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4675 : 2006 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM F 1667 : 2011 : REV A Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM F 1667 : 2011 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM F 1667 : 2015 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4442 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 4169 : 2001 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM F 1667 : 2021 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 6199 : 2018 : REV A Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM D 996 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
    ASTM F 1667 : 2010 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM F 1667 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 3953 : 2005 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 4169 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 4442 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    IEEE/ASTM SI_10-2010 American National Standard for Metric Practice
    ASTM D 4169 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 4675 : 2014 : REV A : R2022 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1
    ASTM D 4442 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 6253 : 2005 Standard Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
    ASTM F 1667 : 2000 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM F 1667 : 2003 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4675 : 2003 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 2007 : REV A Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM F 1667 : 2020 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4169 : 2022 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM F 1667 : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4169 : 2004 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 4169 : 2008 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 4442 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 6253 : 2010 Standard Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
    ASTM D 6199 : 2018 Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM F 1667 : 2011 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4675 : 2000 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM F 1667 : 2002 : REV A Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4675 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 6253 : 2005 : REV A Standard Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
    ASTM D 4675 : 2006 : EDT 2 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 4675 : 2009 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 4169 : 2014 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM F 1667 : 2017 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 4675 : 2014 Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 2002 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 996 : 2010 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
    ASTM D 6199 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM D 4169 : 2009 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
    ASTM D 3953 : 2013 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM F 1667 : 2002 Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
    ASTM D 6253 : 2016 Standard Practice for Treatment and/or Marking of Wood Packaging Materials
    ASTM D 3953 : 1997 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
    ASTM D 6253 : 1998 Standard Practice for Marking of Pallets
    HPVA HP 1 : 2016 HARDWOOD AND DECORATIVE PLYWOOD
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 1984 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 4675 : 2014 : REV A Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials1
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 6199 : 2007 Standard Practice for Quality of Wood Members of Containers and Pallets
    ASTM D 3953 : 2015 : R2022 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
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