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  • ASTM E 1510 : 1995 : R2013 : EDT 1

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    Standard Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  26-04-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  25-01-2013

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 03.06, 2015 Defines the installation and maintenance of fused silica capillary columns in gas chromatographs that are already retrofitted for their use.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice covers the installation and maintenance of fused silica capillary columns in gas chromatographs that are already retrofitted for their use. This practice excludes information on:

    1.1.1Injection techniques.

    1.1.2Column selection.

    1.1.3Data acquisition.

    1.1.4System troubleshooting and maintenance.

    1.2For additional information on gas chromatography, please refer to Practice E260. For specific precautions, see 7.2.2.2(1), 7.2.2.2(2), 7.2.7, and 7.2.7.2.

    1.3The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific safety information, see Section 6, 7.2.2.2(1), 7.2.2.2(2), 7.2.7, and 7.2.7.2.2

    TABLE 1 Typical Splitter Vent Flow Rates (50 to 1 split ratio) (at optimum linear velocity)

    Carrier gas

    0.25-mm ID,
    cm3 /min

    0.32-mm ID,
    cm3 /min

    0.53-mm ID,
    cm3 /min

      helium
      hydrogen

    35
    70

    80
    160

    125
    250


    Van Deemter Profile for Hydrogen, Helium, and NitrogenCarrier Gases
    Note 1The curves were generated by plotting the height equivalent to a theoretical plate (length of column divided by the total number of theoretical plates, H.E.T.P.) against the column's average linear velocity. The lowest point on the curve indicates the carrier gas velocity in which the highest column efficiency is reached.
    Note 2Gases information available from Compressed Gas Association (CGA), 4221 Walney Rd., 5th Floor, Chantilly, VA 20151-2923, http://www.cganet.com.
    FIG. 1Van Deemter Profile for Hydrogen, Helium, and Nitrogen Carrier Gases
    Hydrogen Versus Helium (Isothermal Analysis)

    Carrier gas: Hydrogen

    Carrier gas: Helium

    Linear velocity: 40 cm/s

    Linear velocity: 20 cm/s


    Note 1Fig. 2 shows that the resolution is similar but the analysis time is reduced by 50 % when comparing hydrogen to helium in an isothermal analysis using optimum flow velocities.
    Note 2Hydrogen provides similar resolution in one-half the analysis time of helium for an isothermal analysis.
    Note 3

    1.Tetrachloro-m-

     8.Heptachlor epoxide

    15.Endosulfan II

     xylene

     9.γ-chlordane

    16.DDD

    2.α-BHC

    10.Endosulfan I

    17.Endrin aldehyde

    3.β-BHC

    11.α-chlordane

    18.Endosulfan sulfate

    4.γ-BHC

    12.Dieldrin

    19.DDT

    5.δ-BHC

    13.DDE

    20.Endrin ketone

    6.Heptachlor

    14.Endrin

    21.Methyoxychlor

    7.Aldrin


    Note 430 m, 0.25-mm ID, 0.25 μm 5 % diphenyl − 95 % dimethyl polysiloxane 0.1-μL split injection of chlorinated pesticides.

    Oven temperature: 210°C isothermal

    Injector and detector temperature: 250°C/300°C

    ECD sensitivity: 512 × 10 −11

    Split vent: 100 cm 3 /min


    FIG. 2Hydrogen Versus Helium (Isothermal Analysis)
     Capping Silanol Groups with Dimethyl Dichlorosilane(DMDCS)
    FIG. 3 Capping Silanol Groups with Dimethyl Dichlorosilane (DMDCS)
    ECD Septum Bleed
    Note 1Septum bleed can obscure or co-elute with compounds of interest, thus decreasing the analytical accuracy.
    Note 2

    1.2,4,5,6-tetrachloro-

     8.Heptachlor

    16.p,p-DDD

     m-xylene (IS)

        epoxide

    17.Endrin aldehyde

    2.α-BHC

     9.γ-chlordane

    18.Endosulfan sul-

    3.β-BHC

    10.Endosulfan I

        fate

    4.γ-BHC

    11.α-chlordane

    19.p,p-DDT

    5.δ-BHC

    12.Dieldrin

    20.Endrin ketone

    6.Heptachlor

    13.p,p-DDE

    21.Methyoxychlor

    7.Aldrin

    14.Endrin

    22.Decachlorobi-

    15.Endosulfan II

       phenyl (IS)


    Note 330 m, 0.53-mm ID, 0.50 μm 5 % diphenyl − 95 % dimethyl polysiloxane 0.1 μL direct injection of 50 pg pesticide standard.

    Oven temperature: 150 to 275°C at 4°C/min,
     hold 15 min

    Injector temperature: 250°C

    Detector temperature: 300°C

    Carrier gas: Helium

    Linear velocity: 40 cm/s (Flow rate: 10 cm 3 /min)

    ECD sensitivity: 8 × 10 −11 AFS


    FIG. 4ECD Septum Bleed

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 13
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Product Note Reconfirmed EDT 1
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

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    ASTM D 7833 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons and Non-Hydrocarbon Gases in Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography
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    ASTM D 7593 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Dilution for In-Service Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6142 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Phenol by Capillary Gas Chromatography
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    ASTM D 5060 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Impurities in High-Purity Ethylbenzene by Gas Chromatography
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    ASTM D 7504 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography and Effective Carbon Number
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5917 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography and External Calibration
    ASTM D 4735 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Thiophene in Refined Benzene by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6417 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Engine Oil Volatility by Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5599 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 7213 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
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    ASTM D 7169 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7807 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Components of Petroleum Distillates by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 7798 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates with Final Boiling Points up to 538 °C by Ultra Fast Gas Chromatography (UF GC)
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    ASTM D 7871 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Cyclohexane by Gas Chromatography (Effective Carbon Number)
    ASTM D 5060 : 2012 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Impurities in High-Purity Ethylbenzene by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3525 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Gasoline Fuel Dilution in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Wide-Bore Capillary Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7833 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons and Non-Hydrocarbon Gases in Gaseous Mixtures by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6730 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Individual Components in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by 100-Metre Capillary (with Precolumn) High-Resolution Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7920 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Methanol (M99) and Methanol Fuel Blends (M10 to M99) by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7807 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Hydrocarbon and Sulfur Components of Petroleum Distillates by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 7798 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates with Final Boiling Points up to 538 °C by Ultra Fast Gas Chromatography (UF GC)
    ASTM D 5501 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20 % Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 697 : 1996 : R2019 Standard Practice for Use of Electron-Capture Detectors in Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6352 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174 °C to 700 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3524 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Diesel Fuel Diluent in Used Diesel Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7213 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3525 : 2004 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Gasoline Diluent in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7398 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in the Boiling Range from 100 °C to 615 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7360 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Benzene by Gas Chromatography with External Calibration
    ASTM D 3465 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography
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    ASTM D 8003 : 2015 : REV A : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Light Hydrocarbons and Cut Point Intervals in Live Crude Oils and Condensates by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7500 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Boiling Range Distribution of Distillates and Lubricating Base Oils—in Boiling Range from 100 °C to 735 °C by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7169 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7164 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Practice for On-line/At-line Heating Value Determination of Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 1747 : 1995 : R2011 Standard Guide for Purity of Carbon Dioxide Used in Supercritical Fluid Applications
    ASTM D 7096 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline by Wide-Bore Capillary Gas Chromatography
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    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CGA P 9 : 2015 THE INERT GASES: ARGON, NITROGEN, AND HELIUM
    ASTM E 260 : 1996 Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
    CGA P 1 : 2015 STANDARD FOR SAFE HANDLING OF COMPRESSED GASES IN CONTAINERS
    CGA G 5.4 : 2012 STANDARD FOR HYDROGEN PIPING SYSTEMS AT USER LOCATIONS
    CGA P 12 : 2017 SAFE HANDLING OF CRYOGENIC LIQUIDS
    CGA V 7 : 2015 STANDARD METHOD OF DETERMINING CYLINDER VALVE OUTLET CONNECTIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL GAS MIXTURES
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