• ASTM D 2777 : 2003

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Methods of Committee D-19 on Water

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  08-10-2003

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 This practice establishes uniform standards for estimating and expressing the precision and bias of applicable test methods for Committee D19 on Water.

    1.2 Except as specified in 1.3, 1.4, and 1.5, this practice requires the task group proposing a new test method to carry out a collaborative study from which statements for precision (overall and single-operator standard-deviation estimates) and bias can be developed. This practice provides general guidance to task groups in planning and conducting such determinations of precision and bias.

    1.3 If a full-scale collaborative study is not technically feasible, due to the nature of the test method or instability of samples, the largest feasible scaled-down collaborative study shall be conducted to provide the best possible limited basis for estimating the overall and single-operator standard deviations.

    1.3.1 Examples of acceptable scaled-down studies are the local-area studies conducted by Subcommittee D19.24 on microbiological methods because of inherent sample instability. These studies involve six or more completely independent local-area analysts who can begin analysis of uniform samples at an agreed upon time.

    1.3.2 If uniform samples are not feasible under any circumstances, a statement of single-operator precision will meet the requirements of this practice. Whenever possible, this statement should be developed from data generated by independent multiple operators, each doing replicate analyses on independent samples (of a specific matrix type), which generally fall within specified concentration ranges (see 7.2.5.2( 3)).

    1.3.3 This practice is not applicable to methodology involving continuous sampling or continuous measurement, or both, of specific constituents and properties.

    1.3.4 This practice is also not applicable to open-channel flow measurements.

    1.4 A collaborative study that satisfied the requirements of the version of this practice in force when the study was conducted will continue to be considered an adequate basis for the precision-and-bias statement required in each test method. If the study does not satisfy the current minimum requirements for a collaborative study, a statement listing the study's deficiencies and a reference to this paragraph shall be included in the precision-and-bias statement as the basis for an exemption from the current requirements.

    1.5 This paragraph relates to special exemptions not clearly acceptable under or . With the approval of Committee D19 on the recommendation of the Results Advisor and the Technical Operations Section of the Executive Subcommittee of Committee D19, a statement giving a compelling reason why compliance with all or specific points of this practice cannot be achieved will meet both ASTM requirements (1) and the related requirements of this practice. Precision-and-bias statements authorized by this paragraph shall include the date of approval by Committee D19.

    1.6 In principle, all test methods are covered by this practice.

    1.7 In Section 12 this practice shows exemplary precision-and-bias-statement formats for: (1) test methods yielding a numerical measure, (2) test methods yielding a non-numerical report of success or failure based on criteria specified in the procedure, and (3) test methods specifying that procedures in another ASTM test method are to be used with only insignificant modifications.

    1.8 All studies, even those exempt from some requirements under or , shall receive approval from the Results Advisor before being conducted (see Section 8) and after completion (see Section 13).

    1.9 This practice satisfies the QC requirements of Practice D 5847.

    1.10 It is the intent of this practice that task groups make every effort to retain all the data from their round-robin studies. Values should not be eliminated unless solid evidence exists for their exclusion. The Results Advisor should work closely with the task groups to effect this goal.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 19
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1125 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 512 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 7284 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Total Cyanide in Water by Micro Distillation followed by Flow Injection Analysis with Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection
    ASTM D 4790 : 2014 Standard Terminology of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals
    ASTM D 516 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water
    ASTM D 6855 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Below 5 NTU in Static Mode
    ASTM D 7730 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dioctyl Sulfosuccinate in Sea Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 7937 : 2015 Standard Test Method for In-situ Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Surface Water
    ASTM D 3352 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Strontium Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 7677 : 2016 Standard Test Method for the Continuous Measurement of Dissolved Ozone in Low Conductivity Water
    ASTM D 7168 : 2016 Standard Test Method for 99Tc in Water by Solid Phase Extraction Disk
    ASTM F 316 : 2003 : R2011 Standard Test Methods for Pore Size Characteristics of Membrane Filters by Bubble Point and Mean Flow Pore Test
    ASTM D 1890 : 2015 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Beta Particle Radioactivity of Water
    ASTM D 8001 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Nitrogen, Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen by Calculation, and Total Phosphorus in Water, Wastewater by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 1691 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water
    ASTM D 4327 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 6091 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Practice for 99 %/95 % Interlaboratory Detection Estimate (IDE) for Analytical Methods with Negligible Calibration Error
    ASTM D 4190 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Direct-Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7968 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Polyfluorinated Compounds in Soil by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 3649 : 2006 : R2014 Standard Practice for High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry of Water
    ASTM D 3975 : 1993 : R2014 Standard Practice for Development and Use (Preparation) of Samples for Collaborative Testing of Methods for Analysis of Sediments
    ASTM D 5614 : 1994 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Open Channel Flow Measurement of Water with Broad-Crested Weirs
    ASTM D 7315 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 3972 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Isotopic Uranium in Water by Radiochemistry
    ASTM D 6317 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Low Level Determination of Total Carbon, Inorganic Carbon and Organic Carbon in Water by Ultraviolet, Persulfate Oxidation, and Membrane Conductivity Detection
    ASTM D 5627 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Water Extractable Residue from Particulate Ion-Exchange Resins
    ASTM D 6501 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Phosphonate in Brines
    ASTM D 1783 : 2001 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Phenolic Compounds in Water
    ASTM D 5256 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Relative Efficacy of Dynamic Solvent Systems for Dissolving Water-Formed Deposits
    ASTM D 5464 : 2016 Standard Test Method for pH Measurement of Water of Low Conductivity
    ASTM D 4107 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Tritium in Drinking Water
    ASTM D 5390 : 1993 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water with Palmer-Bowlus Flumes
    ASTM D 8193 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Total Oil and Grease (TOG) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) in Water and Wastewater with Solvent Extraction Using Non-Dispersive Mid-IR Transmission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4519 : 2016 Standard Test Method for On-Line Determination of Anions and Carbon Dioxide in High Purity Water by Cation Exchange and Degassed Cation Conductivity
    ASTM D 1292 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Odor in Water
    ASTM D 5612 : 1994 : R2018 Standard Guide for Quality Planning and Field Implementation of a Water Quality Measurement Program
    ASTM D 7126 : 2015 Standard Test Method for On-Line Colorimetric Measurement of Silica
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3590 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen in Water
    ASTM D 5284 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Acidic Extraction Fluid
    ASTM D 6502 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Measurement of On-line Integrated Samples of Low Level Suspended Solids and Ionic Solids in Process Water by X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)
    ASTM D 7066 : 2004 : R2017 Standard Test Method for dimer/trimer of chlorotrifluoroethylene (S-316) Recoverable Oil and Grease and Nonpolar Material by Infrared Determination
    ASTM D 6301 : 2013 Standard Practice for Collection of On-Line Composite Samples of Suspended Solids and Ionic Solids in Process Water
    ASTM D 1179 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Fluoride Ion in Water
    ASTM D 5391 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of a Flowing High Purity Water Sample
    ASTM D 3875 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Alkalinity in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 6071 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Low Level Sodium in High Purity Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5315 : 2004 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of N-Methyl-Carbamoyloximes and N-Methylcarbamates in Water by Direct Aqueous Injection HPLC with Post-Column Derivatization
    ASTM D 5831 : 2017 Standard Practice for Screening Fuels in Soils
    ASTM D 5811 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Strontium-90 in Water
    ASTM D 4191 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 8026 : 2016 Standard Practice for Determination of Tc-99 in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
    ASTM D 2187 : 2017 Standard Test Methods and Practices for Evaluating Physical and Chemical Properties of Particulate Ion-Exchange Resins
    ASTM D 513 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Total and Dissolved Carbon Dioxide in Water
    ASTM D 7678 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Total Oil and Grease (TOG) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in Water and Wastewater with Solvent Extraction using Mid-IR Laser Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5086 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, and Sodium in Atmospheric Wet Deposition by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 4409 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Velocity Measurements of Water in Open Channels with Rotating Element Current Meters
    ASTM D 5673 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7644 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Bromadiolone, Brodifacoum, Diphacinone and Warfarin in Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 1126 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Hardness in Water
    ASTM D 6512 : 2007 : R2014 Standard Practice for Interlaboratory Quantitation Estimate
    ASTM D 7725 : 2017 Standard Test Method for the Continuous Measurement of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU)
    ASTM D 5089 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Velocity Measurements of Water in Open Channels with Electromagnetic Current Meters
    ASTM D 4922 : 2009 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Radioactive Iron in Water
    ASTM D 7597 : 2016 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Diisopropyl Methylphosphonate, Ethyl Hydrogen Dimethylamidophosphate, Ethyl Methylphosphonic Acid, Isopropyl Methylphosphonic Acid, Methylphosphonic Acid and Pinacolyl Methylphosphonic Acid in Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4778 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Corrosion and Fouling Tendency of Cooling Water Under Heat Transfer Conditions
    ASTM D 857 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Aluminum in Water
    ASTM D 8025 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Select Pesticides in Water by Multiple Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5130 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water Indirectly by Slope-Area Method
    ASTM D 3697 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Antimony in Water
    ASTM D 7485 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Nonylphenol, p-tert-Octylphenol, Nonylphenol Monoethoxylate and Nonylphenol Diethoxylate in Environmental Waters by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 859 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Silica in Water
    ASTM D 4458 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Chloride Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 5015 : 2015 Standard Test Method for pH of Atmospheric Wet Deposition Samples by Electrometric Determination
    ASTM D 7599 : 2016 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Diethanolamine, Triethanolamine, N-Methyldiethanolamine and N-Ethyldiethanolamine in Water by Single Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 1688 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water
    ASTM D 1886 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water
    ASTM D 2688 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Corrosivity of Water in the Absence of Heat Transfer (Weight Loss Method)
    ASTM D 5176 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Total Chemically Bound Nitrogen in Water by Pyrolysis and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 5072 : 2009 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Radon in Drinking Water
    ASTM D 5543 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Low-Level Dissolved Oxygen in Water
    ASTM D 3373 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Vanadium in Water
    ASTM D 3082 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boron in Water
    ASTM D 3861 : 1991 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Quantity of Water-Extractable Matter in Membrane Filters (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 5242 : 1992 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water with Thin-Plate Weirs
    ASTM D 7535 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Lead-210 in Water
    ASTM D 7742 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determination of Nonylphenol Polyethoxylates (NPnEO, 3 ≤ n ≤ 18) and Octylphenol Polyethoxylates (OPnEO, 2 ≤ n ≤ 12) in Water by Single Reaction Monitoring (SRM) Liquid Chromatography/ Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 3651 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Barium in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 7731 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dipropylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether and Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether in Sea Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 1068 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 5129 : 1995 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Open Channel Flow Measurement of Water Indirectly by Using Width Contractions
    ASTM D 5389 : 1993 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement by Acoustic Velocity Meter Systems
    ASTM D 7783 : 2013 Standard Practice for Within-laboratory Quantitation Estimation (WQE)
    ASTM D 1941 : 1991 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Open Channel Flow Measurement of Water with the Parshall Flume
    ASTM D 5246 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Isolation and Enumeration of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Water
    ASTM D 5997 : 2015 Standard Test Method for On-Line Monitoring of Total Carbon, Inorganic Carbon in Water by Ultraviolet, Persulfate Oxidation, and Membrane Conductivity Detection
    ASTM D 5085 : 2002 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Chloride, Nitrate, and Sulfate in Atmospheric Wet Deposition by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5128 : 2014 Standard Test Method for On-Line pH Measurement of Water of Low Conductivity
    ASTM D 6908 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Practice for Integrity Testing of Water Filtration Membrane Systems
    ASTM D 3645 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Beryllium in Water
    ASTM D 7645 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Aldicarb Sulfone, Aldicarb Sulfoxide, Carbofuran, Methomyl, Oxamyl, and Thiofanox in Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 7598 : 2016 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Thiodiglycol in Water by Single Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3454 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Radium-226 in Water
    ASTM D 3561 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Lithium, Potassium, and Sodium Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5257 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 8018 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of (Tri-n-butyl)-n-tetradecylphosphonium chloride (TTPC) in Soil by Multiple Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 4282 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Free Cyanide in Water and Wastewater by Microdiffusion
    ASTM D 5174 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Trace Uranium in Water by Pulsed-Laser Phosphorimetry (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 4658 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 5996 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measuring Anionic Contaminants in High-Purity Water by On-Line Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4193 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Thiocyanate in Water
    ASTM D 6994 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metal Cyanide Complexes in Wastewater, Surface Water, Groundwater and Drinking Water Using Anion Exchange Chromatography with UV Detection
    ASTM D 5904 : 2002 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Total Carbon, Inorganic Carbon, and Organic Carbon in Water by Ultraviolet, Persulfate Oxidation, and Membrane Conductivity Detection
    ASTM D 4793 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Water
    ASTM D 3865 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Plutonium in Water
    ASTM D 7511 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Total Cyanide by Segmented Flow Injection Analysis, In-Line Ultraviolet Digestion and Amperometric Detection
    ASTM D 5243 : 1992 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water Indirectly at Culverts
    ASTM D 6807 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Operating Performance of Continuous Electrodeionization Systems on Reverse Osmosis Permeates from2 to 100 μS/cm
    ASTM D 4412 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Water and Water-Formed Deposits
    ASTM D 5413 : 1993 : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Water Levels in Open-Water Bodies
    ASTM D 7237 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Free Cyanide and Aquatic Free Cyanide with Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection
    ASTM D 6698 : 2014 Standard Test Method for On-Line Measurement of Turbidity Below 5 NTU in Water
    ASTM D 1067 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 4456 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Physical and Chemical Properties of Powdered Ion Exchange Resins
    ASTM D 3223 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 3867 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Nitrite-Nitrate in Water
    ASTM D 3868 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Fluoride Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 2036 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water
    ASTM E 800 : 2014 Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires
    ASTM D 5613 : 1994 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Measurement of Time of Travel Using Dye Tracers
    ASTM D 3869 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Iodide and Bromide Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 6503 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Enterococci in Water Using Enterolert
    ASTM D 1253 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water
    ASTM D 7979 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Water, Sludge, Influent, Effluent and Wastewater by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 4785 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Low-Level Analysis of Iodine Radioisotopes in Water
    ASTM D 5317 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Chlorinated Organic Acid Compounds in Water by Gas Chromatography with an Electron Capture Detector
    ASTM D 2460 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Radium in Water (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 3919 : 2015 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 6569 : 2014 Standard Test Method for On-Line Measurement of pH
    ASTM D 8002 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Modified Fouling Index (MFI-0.45) of Water
    ASTM D 1426 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Ammonia Nitrogen In Water
    ASTM D 3858 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement of Water by Velocity-Area Method
    ASTM D 3557 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 7600 : 2016 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Oxamyl and Methomyl by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7510 : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Performing Detection and Quantitation Estimation and Data Assessment Utilizing DQCALC Software, based on ASTM Practices D6091 and D6512 of Committee D19 on Water
    ASTM D 8024 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of (Tri-n-butyl)-n-tetradecylphosphonium chloride (TTPC) in Water by Multiple Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 2791 : 2013 Standard Test Method for On-line Determination of Sodium in Water
    ASTM D 7363 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM D 3856 : 2011 : R2015 Standard Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
    ASTM D 1293 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 1687 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 5905 : 1998 : R2018 Standard Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Wastewater
    ASTM D 8084 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Photoelectrochemical Oxygen Demand of Freshwater Sources for Drinking Water Treatment Plants and Treated Drinking Water
    ASTM D 1498 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 4517 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Low-Level Total Silica in High-Purity Water by Flameless Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5388 : 1993 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Indirect Measurements of Discharge by Step-Backwater Method
    ASTM D 3670 : 1991 : R2014 Standard Guide for Determination of Precision and Bias of Methods of Committee D22
    ASTM D 4130 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines
    ASTM D 1429 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Water and Brine
    ASTM D 5847 : 2002 : R2012 Standard Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
    ASTM D 6238 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Total Oxygen Demand in Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 8083 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen, and Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) by Calculation, in Water by High Temperature Catalytic Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 6239 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Uranium in Drinking Water by High-Resolution Alpha-Liquid-Scintillation Spectrometry
    ASTM D 858 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water
    ASTM D 6919 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations and Ammonium in Water and Wastewater by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5173 : 2015 Standard Guide for On-Line Monitoring of Total Organic Carbon in Water by Oxidation and Detection of Resulting Carbon Dioxide
    ASTM D 5544 : 2016 Standard Test Method for On-Line Measurement of Residue After Evaporation of High-Purity Water
    ASTM D 6529 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Operating Performance of Continuous Electrodeionization Systems on Feeds from 501000 μS/cm (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 7574 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Bisphenol A in Environmental Waters by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3558 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water
    ASTM D 5462 : 2013 Standard Test Method for On-Line Measurement of Low-Level Dissolved Oxygen in Water
    ASTM D 1252 : 2006 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Oxygen Demand (Dichromate Oxygen Demand) of Water
    ASTM D 3372 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Molybdenum in Water
    ASTM D 6234 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure
    ASTM D 1943 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Alpha Particle Radioactivity of Water
    ASTM D 511 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water
    ASTM D 3483 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Accumulated Deposition in a Steam Generator Tube
    ASTM D 3559 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 5412 : 1993 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Complex Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures or Petroleum Oils in Water
    ASTM D 4839 : 2003 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Total Carbon and Organic Carbon in Water by Ultraviolet, or Persulfate Oxidation, or Both, and Infrared Detection
    ASTM D 7575 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Solvent-Free Membrane Recoverable Oil and Grease by Infrared Determination
    ASTM E 1600 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Gold in Cyanide Solutions
    ASTM D 596 : 2001 : R2018 Standard Guide for Reporting Results of Analysis of Water
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