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  • ASTM D 543 : 2020

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  04-01-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  10-03-2020

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1These practices cover the evaluation of all plastic materials including cast, hot-molded, cold-molded, laminated resinous products, and sheet materials for resistance to chemical reagents.

    1.2Three procedures are presented, two under practice A (Immersion Test), and one under practice B (Mechanical Stress and Reagent Exposure under Standardized Conditions of Applied Strain). These practices include provisions for reporting changes in weight, dimensions, appearance, color, strength, and other mechanical properties. Standard reagents are specified to establish results on a comparable basis without precluding the use of other chemical reagents pertinent to specific chemical resistance requirements. Provisions are made for various exposure times, stress conditions, and exposure to reagents at elevated temperatures. The type of conditioning (immersion or wet patch) depends upon the end-use of the material. If the material is used as a container or transfer line, immersion of the specimens is used. If the material will only see short exposures or will be used in proximity and reagent will splash or spill on the material, the wet patch method of applying reagent to the material is used.

    Note 1:Practice B for evaluating environmental stress cracking resistance differs from Practice D7474, which seeks to measure residual stresses in molded sulfone plastic parts with the use of calibrated chemical reagents. Practice B differs from Test Method D1693, which seeks to quantify the susceptibility of ethylene plastics to environmental stress-cracking subjected to specific conditions, by measuring the proportion of specimens that crack in a given time.

    1.3The effect of chemical reagents on properties shall be determined by making measurements on standard specimens for such tests before and after immersion or stress, or both, if so tested.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 7.

    Note 2:ISO 175 and ISO 22088 Part 3 address the same subject matter as Practices A and B of this standard, but differ in technical content and the results cannot be directly compared.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 20
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Product Note This standard also refers AR 70-71
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 2618 : 2021 Standard Specification for Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Pipe and Fittings for Chemical Waste Drainage Systems
    ASTM D 1239 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM D 5592 : 1994 : R2018 Standard Guide for Material Properties Needed in Engineering Design Using Plastics
    ASTM F 2785 : 2021 Standard Specification for Polyamide 12 Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
    ASTM F 1407 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Chemical Protective Clothing Materials to Liquid Permeation—Permeation Cup Method
    ASTM F 2207 : 2006 : R2019 Standard Specification for Cured-in-Place Pipe Lining System for Rehabilitation of Metallic Gas Pipe
    ASTM D 2990 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM C 1594 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Specification for Polyimide Rigid Cellular Thermal Insulation
    ASTM D 6112 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Compressive and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastic Lumber and Shapes
    ASTM A 742/A742M : 2020 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Metallic Coated and Polymer Precoated for Corrugated Steel Pipe
    ASTM G 127 : 2015 Standard Guide for the Selection of Cleaning Agents for Oxygen-Enriched Systems
    ASTM C 1482 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polyimide Flexible Cellular Thermal and Sound Absorbing Insulation
    ASTM D 3664 : 2016 Standard Specification for Biaxially Oriented Polymeric Resin Film for Capacitors in Electrical Equipment (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM F 790 : 2018 Standard Guide for Testing Materials for Aerospace Plastic Transparent Enclosures
    ASTM D 4101 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 5260 : 2016 Standard Classification for Chemical Resistance of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Homopolymer and Copolymer Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds
    ASTM F 1412 : 2016 Standard Specification for Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings for Corrosive Waste Drainage Systems
    ASTM F 2968/F2968M : 2021 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe for Gas Distribution Applications
    ASTM D 3032 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Hookup Wire Insulation
    ASTM D 2513 : 2020 Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
    ASTM G 20 : 2010(R2019) Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Pipeline Coatings
    ASTM F 1383 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Permeation of Liquids and Gases Through Protective Clothing Materials Under Conditions of Intermittent Contact
    ASTM F 1673 : 2010 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Corrosive Waste Drainage Systems
    ASTM D 8179 : 2018 Standard Guide for Characterizing Detergents for the Cleaning of Clinically-used Medical Devices
    ASTM F 739 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Permeation of Liquids and Gases Through Protective Clothing Materials Under Conditions of Continuous Contact
    ASTM D 4068 : 2017 Standard Specification for Chlorinated Polyethylene (CPE) Sheeting for Concealed Water-Containment Membrane
    ASTM D 3105 : 2017 Standard Index of Methods for Testing Elastomeric and Plastomeric Roofing and Waterproofing Materials
    ASTM C 1644 : 2006 : R2017 Standard Specification for Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced Concrete On-Site Wastewater Tanks and Pipes
    ASTM C 1349 : 2017 Standard Specification for Architectural Flat Glass Clad Polycarbonate
    ASTM F 619 : 2020 Standard Practice for Extraction of Materials Used in Medical Devices
    ASTM F 3127 : 2016 Standard Guide for Validating Cleaning Processes Used During the Manufacture of Medical Devices
    ASTM F 665 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Classification for Vinyl Chloride Plastics Used in Biomedical Application
    ASTM F 2817 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Gas Pressure Pipe and Fittings For Maintenance or Repair
    ASTM F 2945 : 2018 Standard Specification for Polyamide 11 Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
    ASTM D 5813 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Specification for Cured-In-Place Thermosetting Resin Sewer Piping Systems
    ASTM A 1113/A1113M : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Corrugated Steel Structural Plate, Polymer-Coated, for Field-Bolted Pipe, Pipe-Arches, and Arches
    ASTM F 1216 : 2016 Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing Pipelines and Conduits by the Inversion and Curing of a Resin-Impregnated Tube
    ASTM F 2649 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Specification for Corrugated High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Grease Interceptor Tanks
    ASTM D 5870 : 2016 Standard Practice for Calculating Property Retention Index of Plastics
    ASTM F 2303 : 2003 : R2021 Standard Practice for Selection of Gravity Sewers Suitable for Installation of Optical Fiber Cable and Conduits
    ASTM D 4762 : 2018 Standard Guide for Testing Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    ASTM C 1173 : 2018 Standard Specification for Flexible Transition Couplings for Underground Piping Systems
    ASTM C 1208/C1208M : 2018 Standard Specification for Vitrified Clay Pipe and Joints for Use in Microtunneling, Sliplining, Pipe Bursting, and Tunnels
    ASTM D 5322 : 2017 Standard Practice for Laboratory Immersion Procedures for Evaluating the Chemical Resistance of Geosynthetics to Liquids
    ASTM C 541/C541M : 1998 : R2019 Standard Specification for Linings for Asbestos-Cement Pipe (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM F 3033 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Practice for Installation of a Single-Sized, Cured-In-Place Liner Utilizing an Inflatable Bladder for Resurfacing Manhole Walls of Various Shapes and Sizes
    ASTM F 2818 : 2010(R2019) Standard Specification for Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Material Gas Pressure Pipe and Tubing
    ASTM F 1743 : 2017 Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing Pipelines and Conduits by Pulled-in-Place Installation of Cured-in-Place Thermosetting Resin Pipe (CIPP)
    ASTM C 425 : 2021 Standard Specification for Compression Joints for Vitrified Clay Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 4551 : 2017 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Flexible Concealed Water-Containment Membrane
    ASTM C 647 : 2019 Standard Guide to Properties and Tests of Mastics and Coating Finishes for Thermal Insulation
    ASTM D 2517 : 2018 Standard Specification for Reinforced Epoxy Resin Gas Pressure Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM F 1901 : 2016 Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Pipe and Fittings for Roof Drain Systems
    ASTM F 2019 : 2020 Standard Practice for Rehabilitation of Existing Pipelines and Conduits by the Pulled in Place Installation of Glass Reinforced Plastic Cured-in-Place (GRP-CIPP) Using the UV-Light Curing Method
    ASTM D 7474 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determining Residual Stresses in Extruded or Molded Sulfone Plastic (SP) Parts by Immersion in Various Chemical Reagents
    ASTM D 896 : 2004 : R2017 Standard Practice for Resistance of Adhesive Bonds to Chemical Reagents
    ASTM F 715 : 2007 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics Used for Oil Spill Control and Storage

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2244 : 2021 Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
    ASTM D 396 : 2020 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 396 : 1998 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 2244 : 2016 Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
    ASTM D 1693 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    ASTM D 618 : 2013 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
    ASTM D 5947 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
    ASTM D 396 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 396 : 2009 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 1693 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    ASTM D 618 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
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