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  • ASTM D 7876 : 2013 : R2018

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    Standard Practice for Practice for Sample Decomposition Using Microwave Heating (With or Without Prior Ashing) for Atomic Spectroscopic Elemental Determination in Petroleum Products and Lubricants

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-04-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This practice covers the procedure for use of microwave radiation for sample decomposition prior to elemental determination by atomic spectroscopy.

    1.1.1Although this practice is based on the use of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) as the primary measurement techniques, other atomic spectrometric techniques may be used if lower detection limits are required and the analytical performance criteria are achieved.

    1.2This practice is applicable to both petroleum products and lubricants such as greases, additives, lubricating oils, gasolines, and diesels.

    1.3Although not a part of Committee D02’s jurisdiction, this practice is also applicable to other fossil fuel products such as coal, fly ash, coal ash, coke, and oil shale.

    1.3.1Some examples of actual use of microwave heating for elemental analysis of fossil fuel products and other materials are given in Table 1.

    (A)The boldface numbers in parentheses refer to the list of references at the end of this standard.

    1.3.2Some additional examples of ASTM methods for microwave assisted analysis in the non-fossil fuels area are included in Appendix X1.

    1.4During the sample dissolution, the samples may be decomposed with a variety of acid mixture(s). It is beyond the scope of this practice to specify appropriate acid mixtures for all possible combinations of elements present in all types of samples. But if the dissolution results in any visible insoluble material, this practice may not be applicable for the type of sample being analyzed, assuming the insoluble material contains some of the analytes of interest.

    1.5It is possible that this microwave-assisted decomposition procedure may lead to a loss of “volatile” elements such as arsenic, boron, chromium, mercury, antimony, selenium, and/or tin from the samples. Chemical species of the elements is also a concern in such dissolutions since some species may not be digested and have a different sample introduction efficiency.

    1.6A reference material or suitable NIST Standard Reference Material should be used to confirm the recovery of analytes. If these are not available, the sample should be spiked with a known concentration of analyte prior to microwave digestion.

    1.7Additional information on sample preparation procedures for elemental analysis of petroleum products and lubricants can be found in Practice D7455.

    1.8The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in Sections 6 and 7.

    1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7260 : 2019 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 5862 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2009)
    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7303 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals in Lubricating Greases by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5765 : 2016 Standard Practice for Solvent Extraction of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Soils and Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 7303 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals in Lubricating Greases by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM C 1234 : 2011 : R2019 Standard Practice for Preparation of Oils and Oily Waste Samples by High-Pressure, High-Temperature Digestion for Trace Element Determinations
    ASTM D 4951 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5258 : 2002 : R2013 Standard Practice for Acid-Extraction of Elements from Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 6010 : 1996 : R2006 Standard Practice for Closed Vessel Microwave Solvent Extraction of Organic Compounds from Solid Matrices
    ASTM D 7303 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals in Lubricating Greases by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5185 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM C 1463 : 2000 : R2007 Standard Practices for Dissolving Glass Containing Radioactive and Mixed Waste for Chemical and Radiochemical Analysis
    ASTM D 6010 : 2012 Standard Practice for Closed Vessel Microwave Solvent Extraction of Organic Compounds from Solid Matrices (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM C 1463 : 2000 Standard Practices for Dissolving Glass Containing Radioactive and Mixed Waste for Chemical and Radiochemical Analysis
    ASTM D 7260 : 2020 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM E 1645 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM C 1347 : 2008 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Uranium Materials for Analysis
    ASTM D 4951 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM E 1645 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 6792 : 2006 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6792 : 2004 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 4628 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1193 : 1977 : R1983 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 7455 : 2008 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 4643 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM C 1234 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Practice for Preparation of Oils and Oily Waste Samples by High-Pressure, High-Temperature Digestion for Trace Element Determinations
    ASTM D 5258 : 2002 Standard Practice for Acid-Extraction of Elements from Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 7260 : 2012 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5185 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM E 1645 : 1994 Standard Practice for the Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7455 : 2014 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 5765 : 2005 Standard Practice for Solvent Extraction of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Soils and Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 4628 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6010 : 1996 : R2001 Standard Practice for Closed Vessel Microwave Solvent Extraction of Organic Compounds from Solid Matrices
    ASTM D 5513 : 1999 : R2009 Standard Practice for Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feedstreams and Waste for Trace Element Analysis
    ASTM D 4628 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4309 : 2018 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV B Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 7740 : 201 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Metal Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 5765 : 1995 Standard Practice for Solvent Extraction of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Soils and Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 1506 : 1999 : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Ash Content
    ASTM E 1645 : 2016 Standard Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 4628 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1645 : 2001 Standard Practice for the Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 6792 : 2004 : REV A Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6792 : 2005 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 5258 : 2021 Standard Practice for Acid-Extraction of Elements from Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM C 1463 : 2013 Standard Practices for Dissolving Glass Containing Radioactive and Mixed Waste for Chemical and Radiochemical Analysis
    ASTM C 1463 : 2019 Standard Practices for Dissolving Glass Containing Radioactive and Mixed Waste for Chemical and Radiochemical Analysis
    ASTM D 4628 : 2005 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6792 : 2020 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 6792 : 2021 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM E 1645 : 2021 Standard Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 4951 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6792 : 2013 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4643 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil and Rock by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM D 6792 : 2017 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM E 1358 : 1997 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Moisture Content of Particulate Wood Fuels Using a Microwave Oven
    ASTM D 7740 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Metal Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6792 : 2007 Standard Practice for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 1193 : 1991 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM C 1234 : 1998 Standard Practice for Preparation of Oils and Oily Waste Samples by High-Pressure, High-Temperature Digestion for Trace Element Determinations
    ASTM D 6792 : 2021 : REV C Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4309 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM D 5513 : 1999 Standard Practice for Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feedstreams and Waste for Trace Element Analysis
    ASTM E 1358 : 1997 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Moisture Content of Particulate Wood Fuels Using a Microwave Oven
    ASTM D 4951 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM C 1347 : 2002 Standard Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Uranium Materials for Analysis
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4951 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5258 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Practice for Acid-Extraction of Elements from Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 4309 : 1996 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM D 5513 : 2015 Standard Practice for Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feed Streams and Waste for Trace Element Analysis
    ASTM D 5185 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6010 : 1996 Standard Practice for Closed Vessel Microwave Solvent Extraction of Organic Compounds from Solid Matrices
    ASTM D 5513 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Practice for Microwave Digestion of Industrial Furnace Feedstreams and Waste for Trace Element Analysis
    ASTM E 1358 : 1997 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Moisture Content of Particulate Wood Fuels Using a Microwave Oven
    ASTM D 5862 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4057 : 2022 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM C 1234 : 2011 Standard Practice for Preparation of Oils and Oily Waste Samples by High-Pressure, High-Temperature Digestion for Trace Element Determinations
    ASTM D 5862 : 1999 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7260 : 2019 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 5258 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Acid-Extraction of Elements from Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 1193 : 1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water
    ASTM D 5862 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Two-Stroke Cycle Turbo-Supercharged 6V92TA Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6792 : 2003 Standard Guide for Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4951 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4628 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 1193 : 1999 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM D 6792 : 2002 Standard Guide for A Quality System in Petroleum Products and Lubricants Testing Laboratories
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 7260 : 2006 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 1506 : 1999 : R2007 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black-Ash Content
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1506 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black-Ash Content
    ASTM D 4309 : 2012 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 1193 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Specification for Reagent Water
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1506 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Ash Content
    ASTM C 1347 : 2008 Standard Practice for Preparation and Dissolution of Uranium Materials for Analysis
    ASTM D 5765 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Practice for Solvent Extraction of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons from Soils and Sediments Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4643 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Microwave Oven Method
    ASTM D 4309 : 2002 Standard Practice for Sample Digestion Using Closed Vessel Microwave Heating Technique for the Determination of Total Metals in Water
    ASTM E 1645 : 2001 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis
    ASTM D 7260 : 2017 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM E 1358 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Moisture Content of Particulate Wood Fuels Using a Microwave Oven
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