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  • ASTM D 4951 : 2014

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-10-2014

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This test method covers the quantitative determination of barium, boron, calcium, copper, magnesium, molybdenum, phosphorus, sulfur, and zinc in unused lubricating oils and additive packages.

    1.2The precision statements are valid for dilutions in which the mass % sample in solvent is held constant in the range of 1 to 5 mass % oil.

    1.3The precision tables define the concentration ranges covered in the interlaboratory study. However, both lower and higher concentrations can be determined by this test method. The low concentration limits are dependent on the sensitivity of the ICP instrument and the dilution factor. The high concentration limits are determined by the product of the maximum concentration defined by the linear calibration curve and the sample dilution factor.

    1.4Sulfur can be determined if the instrument can operate at a wavelength of 180 nm.

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4857 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Ability of Lubricants to Minimize Ring Sticking and Piston Deposits in Two-Stroke-Cycle Gasoline Engines Other Than Outboards (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 7303 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Metals in Lubricating Greases by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7876 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Practice for Practice for Sample Decomposition Using Microwave Heating (With or Without Prior Ashing) for Atomic Spectroscopic Elemental Determination in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6443 : 2014 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium, Chlorine, Copper, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils and Additives by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (Mathematical Correction Procedure)
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM E 2097 : 2000 : R2014 Standard Guide for Determining the Impact of Extractables from Non-Metallic Materials on the Safety of Biotechnology Products (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7260 : 2019 Standard Practice for Optimization, Calibration, and Validation of Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 7578 : 2018 Standard Guide for Calibration Requirements for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7040 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Phosphorus in ILSAC GF 4 and Similar Grade Engine Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1552 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 5185 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1552 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1552 : 1990 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 4628 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1552 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conducitivity Detection (TCD)
    ASTM D 4927 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5185 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4628 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1552 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 4628 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5185 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4628 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4628 : 2005 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc in Unused Lubricating Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4927 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5185 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4927 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1552 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and Infrared (IR) Detection or Thermal Conductivity Detection (TCD)
    ASTM D 1552 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 1552 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 1552 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by High Temperature Combustion and IR Detection
    ASTM D 4307 : 2017 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 1552 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1552 : 2008 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 4927 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Elemental Analysis of Lubricant and Additive Components—Barium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Zinc by Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 5185 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 1552 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 4628 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Barium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc In Unused Lubricating Oils By Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5185 : 2002 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements, Wear Metals, and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Determination of Selected Elements in Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4307 : 1999 : R2015 Standard Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 1552 : 1983 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
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