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  • ASTM D 4000 : 2016

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  14-12-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  14-08-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This standard provides a classification system for tabulating the properties of unfilled, filled, and reinforced plastic materials suitable for processing into parts.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This standard provides a classification system for tabulating the properties of unfilled, filled, and reinforced plastic materials suitable for processing into parts.

    Note 1:The classification system serves many of the needs of industries using plastic materials. The standard is subject to revision as the need requires; therefore, the latest revision should always be used.

    1.2The classification system and subsequent line call-out (specification) is intended to be a means of identifying plastic materials used in the fabrication of end items or parts. It is not intended for the selection of materials. Material selection should be made by those having expertise in the plastics field after careful consideration of the design and the performance required of the part, the environment to which it will be exposed, the fabrication process to be employed, the inherent properties of the material not covered in this document, and the economic factors.

    1.3This classification system is based on the premise that plastic materials can be arranged into broad generic families using basic properties to arrange the materials into groups, classes, and grades. A system is thus established which, together with values describing additional requirements, permits as complete a description as desired of the selected material.

    1.4In all cases where the provisions of this classification system would conflict with the referenced ASTM specification for a particular material, the latter shall take precedence.

    Note 2:When using this classification system the two-letter, three-digit suffix system applies.

    Note 3:When a material is used to fabricate a part where the requirements are too specific for a broad material call-out, it is advisable for the user to consult the supplier to secure a call-out of the properties to suit the actual conditions to which the part is to be subjected.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 20
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3275 : 2018 Standard Classification System for E-CTFE-Fluoroplastic Molding, Extrusion, and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 2632 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience by Vertical Rebound
    ASTM D 4745 : 2011 Standard Specification for Filled Compounds of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1600 : 1999 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 2240 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 4986 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials
    ASTM D 4364 : 2013 Standard Practice for Performing Outdoor Accelerated Weathering Tests of Plastics Using Concentrated Sunlight
    ASTM D 6339 : 2005 Standard Specification for Syndiotactic Polystyrene Molding and Extrusion (SPS)
    ASTM E 1354 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 4673 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Classification System for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastics and Alloys Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3012 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Thermal-Oxidative Stability of Polypropylene Using a Specimen Rotator Within an Oven
    ASTM D 6779 : 2002 Standard Classification System for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 4066 : 2000 Standard Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 1203 : 1994 : R1999 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
    ASTM D 4101 : 2001 : REV A Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1562 : 2005 Standard Specification for Cellulose Acetate Propionate Molding and Extrusion Compounds
    ASTM D 4067 : 2003 Standard Classification System for Reinforced and Filled Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) (PPS) Injection Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ASTM Methods
    ASTM D 6779 : 2005 Standard Classification System for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 2843 : 1999 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics
    ASTM D 1238 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 2137 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    ASTM D 4101 : 2001 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 4101 : 2006 : REV B Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1238 : 2004 : REV C Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 5857 : 2003 : REV A Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology
    ASTM D 4101 : 2005 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3895 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 4745 : 2019 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Filled Polytetrafluoroethlyene (PTFE) Molding and Extrusion Materials Using ASTM Methods
    ASTM D 4216 : 2013 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Related PVC and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Building Products Compounds
    ASTM D 5420 : 1998 : REV A Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
    ASTM D 1693 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    ASTM D 6779 : 2020 Standard Classification System for and Basis of Specification for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 5575 : 2007 Standard Classification System for Copolymers of Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF) with Other Fluorinated Monomers
    ASTM D 3222 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 5205 : 1996 Standard Classification System for Polyetherimide (PEI) Materials
    ASTM D 4101 : 2000 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 5132 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Rate of Polymeric Materials Used in Occupant Compartments of Motor Vehicles
    ASTM E 1354 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6779 : 2007 : REV A Standard Classification System for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 5575 : 1999 Standard Specification for Copolymers of Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF) with Other Fluorinated Monomers
    ASTM D 1435 : 2013 Standard Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics
    ASTM D 1149 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration—Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
    ASTM D 2137 : 1994 : R2000 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property-Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    ASTM D 6338 : 2009 Standard Classification System for Highly Crosslinked Thermoplastic Vulcanizates (HCTPVs) Based on ASTM Standard Test Methods
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 1248 : 2002 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Extrusion Materials For Wire and Cable
    ASTM D 1929 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 3763 : 2014 Standard Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
    ASTM D 2583 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5857 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology
    ASTM D 5857 : 2007 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology
    ASTM D 6778 : 2020 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Polyoxymethylene Molding and Extrusion Materials (POM)
    ASTM D 4101 : 2008 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 2288 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Weight Loss of Plasticizers on Heating
    ASTM D 3418 : 1982 : R1988 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Thermal Analysis
    ASTM D 3159 : 1998 Standard Specification for Modified ETFE-Fluoropolymer Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1248 : 1984 : R1989 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 4203 : 2007 Standard Specification for Styrene-Acrylonitrile (SAN) Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 5857 : 2014 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology
    ASTM D 3801 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
    ASTM D 3892 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
    ASTM D 5420 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Flat, Rigid Plastic Specimen by Means of a Striker Impacted by a Falling Weight (Gardner Impact)
    ASTM D 1434 : 1982 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 4617 : 1996 Standard Specification for Phenolic Compounds, (PF)
    ASTM D 4101 : 2006 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 4101 : 2004 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3012 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Thermal-Oxidative Stability of Propylene Plastics Using a Specimen Rotator Within an Oven
    ASTM D 2116 : 2002 Standard Specification for FEP-Fluorocarbon Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 2584 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins
    ASTM D 4894 : 1998 : REV A Standard Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Granular Molding and Ram Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 4396 : 2006 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Nonpressure Applications (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM D 3418 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 2116 : 2016 Standard Specification for FEP Resin Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3915 : 1999 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Pressure Applications
    ASTM D 4976 : 2006 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3763 : 2000 Standard Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
    ASTM D 3222 : 1999 Standard Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 1238 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 1003 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 6778 : 2006 Standard Classification for Polyoxymethylene (POM, Acetal) Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 6338 : 2003 Standard Classification System for Highly Crosslinked Thermoplastic Vulcanizate (HCTPVs)
    ASTM D 4101 : 2014 : EDT 2 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3222 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unmodified Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) (PVDF) Molding Extrusion and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 4020 : 2001 Standard Specification for Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3763 : 2010 Standard Test Method for High Speed Puncture Properties of Plastics Using Load and Displacement Sensors
    ASTM D 3275 : 2005 Standard Classification System for E-CTFE-Fluoroplastic Molding, Extrusion, and Coating Materials
    ASTM D 6779 : 2003 Standard Classification System for Polyamide Molding and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    ASTM D 4216 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Related PVC and Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Building Products Compounds
    ASTM D 4101 : 2010 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 4976 : 2000 : REV B Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1499 : 2013 Standard Practice for Filtered Open-Flame Carbon-Arc Exposures of Plastics
    ASTM D 4101 : 2011 Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1929 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM D 5857 : 2002 : REV A Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials Using ISO Protocol and Methodology
    ASTM D 4066 : 2001 : REV A : R2008 Standard Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA) (Withdrawn 2012)
    ASTM D 4396 : 1999 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds for Plastic Pipe and Fittings Used in Nonpressure Applications
    ASTM D 1784 : 1999 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds
    ASTM D 1248 : 2012 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Extrusion Materials for Wire and Cable
    ASTM D 6394 : 2001 Standard Specification for Sulfone Plastics (SP)
    ASTM D 5138 : 2016 Standard Classification System and Basis for Specification for Liquid Crystal Polymers Molding and Extrusion Materials (LCP)
    ASTM E 1354 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 4101 : 2005 : REV A Standard Specification for Polypropylene Injection and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 3159 : 2006 Standard Specification for Modified ETFE-Fluoropolymer Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 2632 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience by Vertical Rebound
    ASTM E 1354 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 6778 : 2003 Standard Classification for Polyoxymethylene (POM, Acetal) Molding and Extrusion Materials
    ASTM D 1003 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
    ASTM D 1238 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer