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  • ASTM E 176 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1

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    Standard Terminology of Fire Standards

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  04-08-2022

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This terminology covers terms, related definitions, and descriptions of terms used or likely to be used in fire-test-response standards, fire-hazard-assessment standards, and fire-risk-assessment standards. Definitions of terms are special-purpose definitions that are consistent with the standard definitions but are written to ensure that a specific fire-test-response standard, fire-hazard-assessment standard, or fire-risk-assessment standard is properly understood and precisely interpreted.

    Note 1:For additional information, refer to ASTM Policy on Fire Standards.2 See also Annex A1 of Practice E535.

    1.2This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.3This fire standard cannot be used to provide quantitative measures.

    1.4This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee E 05
    Document Type Reference Material
    Product Note ε1NOTE—Annex A1was updated editorially in July 2022 to reflect changes made in E05 Subcommittee standard termi-nology sections.
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2750 : 2022 Standard Guide for Extension of Data from Penetration Firestop System Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM
    ASTM D 1230 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flammability of Apparel Textiles
    ASTM D 6545 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Textiles Used in Children's Sleepwear
    ASTM E 3038 : 2022 Standard Practice for Assessing and Qualifying Candidates as Inspectors of Firestop Systems and Fire-Resistive Joint Systems
    ASTM C 578 : 2022 Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
    ASTM E 1623 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    ASTM E 2786 : 2010(R2019) Standard Test Methods for Measuring Expansion of Intumescent Materials Used in Firestop and Joint Systems
    ASTM D 5664 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Effects of Fire-Retardant Treatments and Elevated Temperatures on Strength Properties of Fire-Retardant Treated Lumber
    ASTM D 7936 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Electrical Insulating Materials Intended for Wires or Cables When Burning in Horizontal Configuration
    ASTM E 814 : 2013 : REV A : R2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Penetration Firestop Systems
    ASTM D 3144 : 2021 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Heat-Shrinkable Tubing for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 922 : 2018 Standard Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer Tubing
    ASTM D 7857 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Flexural Properties and Internal Bond Strength of Fire-Retarded Mat-Formed Wood Structural Composite Panels Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
    ASTM D 2902 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fluoropolymer Resin Heat-Shrinkable Tubing for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM F 2877/F2877M : 2013 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Shock Testing of Structural Insulation of A-Class Divisions Constructed of Steel or Aluminum
    ASTM E 3157 : 2020 Standard Guide for Understanding and Using Information Related to Installation of Firestop Systems
    ASTM D 7746 : 2021 Standard Practice for Calculating the Superimposed Load on Wood-frame Floor-Ceiling Assemblies for Standard Fire-Resistance Tests
    ASTM D 1230 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Apparel Textiles
    ASTM E 2404 : 2017 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) and Wood Wall or Ceiling Coverings, Facings and Veneers, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2989 : 2019 : REV A Standard Guide for Assessment of Continued Applicability of Reaction to Fire Test Reports Used in Building Regulation
    ASTM D 996 : 2016 Standard Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
    ASTM D 5048 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame
    ASTM D 6113 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Using Cone Calorimeter to Determine Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables
    ASTM D 7309 : 2021 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry
    ASTM E 3053 : 2018 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determining Particulate Matter Emissions from Wood Heaters Using Cordwood Test Fuel
    ASTM D 5207 : 2020 Standard Practice for Confirmation of 20-mm (50-W) and 125-mm (500-W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 5425 : 2018 Standard Guide for Development of Fire Hazard Assessment Standards of Electrotechnical Products
    ASTM C 1594 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Specification for Polyimide Rigid Cellular Thermal Insulation
    ASTM E 2536 : 2021 Standard Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests
    ASTM F 2417 : 2017 Standard Specification for Fire Safety for Candles
    ASTM E 69 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Combustible Properties of Treated Wood by the Fire-Tube Apparatus
    ASTM E 2336 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Grease Duct Enclosure Systems
    ASTM E 1353 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    ASTM E 2957 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Wildfire Penetration of Eaves, Soffits and Other Projections
    ASTM E 2067 : 2022 Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests
    ASTM E 2688 : 2018 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 876 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer Tubing Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 635 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position
    ASTM E 2632/E2632M : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Under-Deck Fire Test Response of Deck Materials
    ASTM C 578 : 2019 Standard Specification for Rigid, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
    ASTM D 3150 : 2021 Standard Specification for Crosslinked and Noncrosslinked Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Heat-Shrinkable Tubing for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM E 2816 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Metallic HVAC Duct Systems
    ASTM D 3675 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 2280 : 2021 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    ASTM D 2671 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Heat-Shrinkable Tubing for Electrical Use
    ASTM E 2599 : 2018 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2748 : 2012 : REV A : R2017 Standard Guide for Fire-Resistance Experiments
    ASTM E 3021/E3021M : 2015 : R2019 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Relative Effectiveness of Building Systems to Resist the Passage of Products of Combustion Based on the Aggregation of Leakage Rates
    ASTM D 229 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Rigid Sheet and Plate Materials Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 8391 : 2022 Standard Specification for Demonstrating Equivalent Fire Performance for Wood-Based Floor Framing Members to Unprotected 2 by 10 Dimension Lumber or Equal-Sized Structural Composite Lumber
    ASTM E 2912 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Fire Test of Non-Mechanical Fire Dampers Used in Vented Construction
    ASTM E 298 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Assay of Organic Peroxides
    ASTM E 3082 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Effectiveness of Fire Retardant Treatments for Natural Christmas Trees
    ASTM C 1696 : 2020 Standard Guide for Industrial Thermal Insulation Systems
    ASTM D 5537 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Heat Release, Flame Spread, Smoke Obscuration, and Mass Loss Testing of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM E 3020 : 2022 Standard Practice for Ignition Sources
    ASTM E 603 : 2017 Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments
    ASTM D 2898 : 2010 : R2017 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood for Fire Testing
    ASTM E 2726/E2726M : 2012 : REV A : R2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Fire-Test-Response of Deck Structures to Burning Brands
    ASTM E 2579 : 2021 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 3057 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Flux Using Directional Flame Thermometers with Advanced Data Analysis Techniques
    ASTM D 5485 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosive Effect of Combustion Products Using the Cone Corrosimeter
    ASTM D 8436 : 2022 Standard Specification for Fluoropolymer-based Materials for Use for Encapsulation of Downhole Cable
    ASTM E 2307 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barriers Using Intermediate-Scale, Multi-story Test Apparatus
    ASTM E 1352 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    ASTM D 5516 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Flexural Properties of Fire-Retardant Treated Softwood Plywood Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
    ASTM E 662 : 2021 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    ASTM E 2690 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 1591 : 2020 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models
    ASTM C 1534 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Flexible Polymeric Foam Sheet Insulation Used as a Thermal and Sound Absorbing Liner for Duct Systems
    ASTM C 1410 : 2017 Standard Specification for Cellular Melamine Thermal and Sound-Absorbing Insulation
    ASTM E 2102 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater
    ASTM D 350 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Flexible Treated Sleeving Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM E 1317 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Surface Finishes
    ASTM E 1321 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    ASTM D 3014 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flame Height, Time of Burning, and Loss of Mass of Rigid Thermoset Cellular Plastics in a Vertical Position
    ASTM D 8355 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Flammability of Electrical Insulating Materials Used for Sleeving or Tubing
    ASTM E 3037 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring Relative Movement Capabilities of Through-Penetration Firestop Systems
    ASTM F 1534 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining Changes in Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Cushioning Materials After Water Leaching
    ASTM D 3201/D3201M : 2020 Standard Test Method for Hygroscopic Properties of Fire-Retardant Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM E 136 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C
    ASTM E 2768 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)
    ASTM E 1678 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis
    ASTM D 1929 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining Ignition Temperature of Plastics
    ASTM E 2749 : 2015 : REV A : R2019 Standard Practice for Measuring the Uniformity of Furnace Exposure on Test Specimens
    ASTM E 648 : 2019 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 800 : 2020 Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires
    ASTM E 535 : 2019 Standard Practice for Preparation of Fire-Test-Response Standards
    ASTM E 84 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    ASTM F 1870 : 2022 Standard Guide for Selection of Fire Test Methods for the Assessment of Upholstered Furnishings in Detention and Correctional Facilities
    ASTM E 1355 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models
    ASTM E 2874 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining the Fire-Test Response Characteristics of a Building Spandrel-Panel Assembly Due to External Spread of Fire
    ASTM E 1966 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems
    ASTM E 2574/E2574M : 2017 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies
    ASTM D 6194 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Glow-Wire Ignition of Materials
    ASTM E 970 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1549/E1549M : 2013 : R2016 Standard Specification for ESD Controlled Garments Required in Cleanrooms and Controlled Environments for Spacecraft for Non-Hazardous and Hazardous Operations
    ASTM E 2226 : 2015 : REV B : R2019 Standard Practice for Application of Hose Stream
    ASTM E 2652 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750°C
    ASTM E 422 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Measuring Net Heat Flux Using a Water-Cooled Calorimeter
    ASTM D 3801 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position
    ASTM D 8354 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Electrical Insulating Materials Intended for Wires or Cables When Burning in a Vertical Configuration
    ASTM D 3874 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources
    ASTM C 1482 : 2017 Standard Specification for Polyimide Flexible Cellular Thermal and Sound Absorbing Insulation
    ASTM D 6576 : 2020 Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Rubber Chemically Blown
    ASTM E 2061 : 2020 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles
    ASTM E 1590 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    ASTM D 1675 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Polytetrafluoroethylene Tubing
    ASTM D 4804 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining the Flammability Characteristics of Nonrigid Solid Plastics
    ASTM E 1995 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    ASTM E 1822 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    ASTM E 2058 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    ASTM E 2187 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    ASTM D 2903 : 2021 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Chlorinated Polyolefin Heat-Shrinkable Tubing for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM E 2231 : 2021 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 1474 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 5424 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Smoke Obscuration of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables When Burning in a Vertical Cable Tray Configuration
    ASTM D 2843 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Density of Smoke from the Burning or Decomposition of Plastics
    ASTM E 906/E906M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    ASTM D 8023 : 2017 Standard Specification for Round Wood Dowels (Pegs) for Use in Wood Construction
    ASTM E 119 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    ASTM E 2653 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine Precision Estimates for a Fire Test Method with Fewer Than Six Participating Laboratories
    ASTM E 2393 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Resistive Joint Systems and Perimeter Fire Barriers
    ASTM D 5025 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 3287 : 2021 Practice for Specimen Preparation of Fenestration Profiles Intended to Support Non-Combustible In-Fill Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 5132 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Rate of Polymeric Materials Used in Occupant Compartments of Motor Vehicles
    ASTM D 2859 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials
    ASTM E 2174 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Firestop Systems
    ASTM D 4733 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Solventless Electrical Insulating Varnishes
    ASTM E 1776 : 2022 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards
    ASTM F 1550 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Components or Composites of Mattresses or Furniture for Use in Correctional Facilities after Exposure to Vandalism, by Employing a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM D 1600 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM E 2573 : 2019 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 6513 : 2021 Standard Practice for Calculating the Superimposed Load on Wood-frame Walls for Standard Fire-Resistance Tests
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 2837 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determining the Fire Resistance of Continuity Head-of-Wall Joint Systems Installed Between Rated Wall Assemblies and Nonrated Horizontal Assemblies
    ASTM E 3134 : 2020 Standard Specification for Transportation Tunnel Structural Components and Passive Fire Protection Systems
    ASTM E 2032 : 2021 Standard Practice for Extension of Data From Fire Resistance Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM E 119
    ASTM E 2335 : 2017 Standard Guide for Laboratory Monitors
    ASTM E 2924 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Practice for Intumescent Coatings
    ASTM D 2863 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-Like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)
    ASTM E 1546 : 2021 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 136 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750 °C
    ASTM E 3202 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Plastic Composites for Use as Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards or Handrails to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 136 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Assessing Combustibility of Materials Using a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C
    ASTM E 119 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 119 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    ASTM C 1224 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Specification for Reflective Insulation for Building Applications
    ASTM E 1354 : 2022 : REV B Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 162 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1623 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
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