We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • ASTM D 1298 : 1999 : EDT 1

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You need to be logged in to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please log in now or create an account to add.
    You already added this Product in the Watchlist.

    Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  10-06-1999

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method covers the laboratory determination using a glass hydrometer, of the density, relative density (specific gravity), or API gravity of crude petroleum, petroleum products, or mixtures of petroleum and nonpetroleum products normally handled as liquids, and having a Reid vapor pressure of 101.325 kPa (14.696 psi) or less.

    1.2 Values are measured on a hydrometer at either the reference temperature or at another convenient temperature, and readings corrected to the reference temperature by means of the Petroleum Measurement Tables; values obtained at other than the reference temperature being hydrometer readings and not density measurements.

    1.3 Values determined as density, relative density, or API gravity can be converted to equivalent values in the other units at alternate reference temperatures by means of the Petroleum Measurement Tables.

    1.4 contains a procedure for verifying or certifying the equipment for this test method.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note Reconfirmed EDT 1
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 7875 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 4800 : 1994 : R2015 Standard Guide for Classifying and Specifying Adhesives
    ASTM D 6710 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon-Based Quench Oil
    ASTM D 4293 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Phosphate Ester Based Fluids for Turbine Lubrication and Steam Turbine Electro-Hydraulic Control (EHC) Applications
    ASTM B 963 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Oil Content, Oil-Impregnation Efficiency, and Surface-Connected Porosity of Sintered Powder Metallurgy (PM) Products Using Archimedes’ Principle
    ASTM D 6871 : 2017 Standard Specification for Natural (Vegetable Oil) Ester Fluids Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 3338/D3338M : 2009 : R2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 3142/D3142M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity, API Gravity, or Density of Cutback Asphalts by Hydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 7719 : 2018 Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 4806 : 2019 Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 483 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Unsulfonated Residue of Petroleum Plant Spray Oils
    ASTM D 4529 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 8150 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil by Distillation Followed by Detection Using Combustion Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4552/D4552M : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classifying Hot-Mix Recycling Agents
    ASTM D 7044 : 2015 Standard Specification for Biodegradable Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluids
    ASTM D 2779 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Gases in Petroleum Liquids
    ASTM D 7041 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Blends by Gas Chromatography with Flame Photometric Detection
    ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
    ASTM F 3350 : 2018 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Ice Conditions
    ASTM D 5845 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, Methanol, Ethanol and tert-Butanol in Gasoline by Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 976 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 5769 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3487 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Mineral Insulating Oil Used in Electrical Apparatus
    ASTM D 3288/D3288M : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Magnet-Wire Enamels
    ASTM D 6201 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    ASTM D 7797 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Content of Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Flow Analysis by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy—Rapid Screening Method
    ASTM D 6923 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1R Test Procedure
    ASTM D 2501 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
    ASTM D 4814 : 2019 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 2226 : 1993 : R2018 Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
    ASTM D 396 : 2019 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 7826 : 2019 Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM E 126 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Inspection, Calibration, and Verification of ASTM Hydrometers
    ASTM D 5622 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Total Oxygen in Gasoline and Methanol Fuels by Reductive Pyrolysis
    ASTM D 7665 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Biodegradable Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 4052 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
    ASTM D 3120 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
    ASTM D 7371 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR-PLS Method)
    ASTM D 7862 : 2019 Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 910 : 2017 : REV A Standard Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 7576 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 287 : 2012 : REV B Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)
    ASTM D 6822 : 2012 : REV B : R2017 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method
    ASTM D 6227 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Containing a Non-hydrocarbon Component
    ASTM D 8256 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 7861 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) in Diesel Fuel by Linear Variable Filter (LVF) Array Based Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5222 : 2016 Standard Specification for High Fire-Point Mineral Electrical Insulating Oils
    ASTM D 6560 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4737 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
    ASTM D 1903 : 2008 : R2017 Standard Practice for Determining the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Electrical Insulating Liquids of Petroleum Origin, and Askarels
    ASTM D 3827 : 1992 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Gases in Petroleum and Other Organic Liquids
    ASTM D 4056 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Solubility of Water in Hydrocarbon and Aliphatic Ester Lubricants
    ASTM D 4652 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Specification for Silicone Fluid Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 117 : 2018 Standard Guide for Sampling, Test Methods, and Specifications for Electrical Insulating Liquids
    ASTM D 4790 : 2014 Standard Terminology of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Chemicals
    ASTM D 4868 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Burner and Diesel Fuels
    ASTM F 631 : 2015 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    ASTM D 6224 : 2016 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4054 : 2019 Standard Practice for Evaluation of New Aviation Turbine Fuels and Fuel Additives
    ASTM D 3227 : 2016 Standard Test Method for (Thiol Mercaptan) Sulfur in Gasoline, Kerosine, Aviation Turbine, and Distillate Fuels (Potentiometric Method)
    ASTM D 3343 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Hydrogen Content of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 5986 : 1996 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates, Benzene, Toluene, C8–C 12 Aromatics and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography/Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 6750 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High-Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—1K Procedure (0.4 % Fuel Sulfur) and 1N Procedure (0.04 % Fuel Sulfur)
    ASTM D 2225 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Silicone Fluids Used for Electrical Insulation
    ASTM D 5372 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 7547 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 7863 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient of Liquids
    ASTM D 1160 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Reduced Pressure
    ASTM D 6136/D6136M : 2015 Standard Test Method for Kerosine Number of Unsaturated (Dry) Felt by Vacuum Method
    ASTM D 5580 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, p/m-Xylene, o-Xylene, C9 and Heavier Aromatics, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 4815 : 2015 : REV B Standard Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 4629 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection
    ASTM D 7416 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Practice for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using a Particular Five-Part (Dielectric Permittivity, Time-Resolved Dielectric Permittivity with Switching Magnetic Fields, Laser Particle Counter, Microscopic Debris Analysis, and Orbital Viscometer) Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 2892 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Distillation of Crude Petroleum (15-Theoretical Plate Column)
    ASTM D 1405/D1405M : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7806 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum-Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 7960 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
    ASTM D 6469 : 2017 Standard Guide for Microbial Contamination in Fuels and Fuel Systems
    ASTM D 8147 : 2017 Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective