• ASTM E 3163 : 2018

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    Standard Guide for Selection and Application of Analytical Methods and Procedures Used during Sediment Corrective Action

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  09-01-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This is a guide for the selection and application of a range of analytical methods and testing procedures that may be used during sediment programs, including physical properties testing, chemical analytical methods, passive sampling procedures, bioassays and toxicity testing, environmental forensics methods and procedures, and methods development procedures for sediment programs.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This is a guide for the selection and application of a range of analytical methods and testing procedures that may be used during sediment programs, including physical properties testing, chemical analytical methods, passive sampling procedures, bioassays and toxicity testing, environmental forensics methods and procedures, and methods development procedures for sediment programs.

    1.2Sediment programs vary greatly in terms of environmental complexity, physical, chemical and biological characteristics, human health and ecological risk concerns, and geographic and regulatory context. This guide provides information for the selection and application of analytical methods and testing protocols applicable to a wide range of sediment programs.

    1.3This guide describes widely accepted considerations and best practices used in the selection and application of analytical procedures used during sediment programs. This guide supports and complements existing regulations and technical guidance.

    1.4This guide is designed for general application to a wide range of sediment programs performed under international, federal, state and local environmental programs. This guide describes the selection and application of analytical methods and test procedures, not the requirements for specific regulatory jurisdictions. This guide compliments but does not replace regulatory agency requirements.

    1.5This guide may be used for a wide range of sediment programs, including programs with overlapping regulatory jurisdictions, programs without a clearly established regulatory framework, voluntary programs, Brownfield programs, and international programs. The users of this guide should be aware of the appropriate regulatory requirements that apply to sediment programs. The user should consult applicable regulatory agency requirements to identify appropriate technical decision criteria and seek regulatory approvals, as necessary, prior to selection and application of analytical methods and test procedures to sediment programs.

    1.6This guide supports the collaboration of stakeholders, including project sponsors, regulators, laboratory service providers, and others, on the selection and application of analytical procedures to sediment programs. This guide highlights key considerations for designing sediment program data acquisition plans, including applicability and use limitations of analytical methods and test procedures, and data usability considerations. This guide recognizes the challenges inherent in selection and application of analytical methods and test procedures for sediment systems, as well as the challenges inherent in generating analytical data of sufficient sensitivity to meet regulatory criteria applied to sediment programs.

    1.7ASTM standard guides are not regulations; they are consensus standard guides that may be followed voluntarily to support applicable regulatory requirements.

    1.8Test methods, procedures, and guidelines published by ASTM, USEPA, and other U.S. and international agencies are used for sediment programs, many of which are referenced by this guide. However, these documents do not provide guidance on the selection and application of analytical methods and test procedures for sediment programs. This guide was developed for that purpose.

    1.9This guide may be used in conjunction with other ASTM guides developed for sediment programs.

    1.10The user of this guide should review existing information and data available for a sediment project to determine the most appropriate entry point into and use of this guide.

    1.11Table of Contents:

    Section

    Introduction

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    Significance and Use

    4

    Physical Property Test Methods

    5

    Chemistry Analytical Methods

    6

    Passive Sampling Methods

    7

    Biological Test Methods

    8

    Environmental Forensics Analytical Methods

    9

    Analytical Method Development

    10

    Key Differences in Physical Properties of Sediment and Soil

    Appendix X1

    Guidelines for Collection of Sediment Samples for Physical Properties Testing

    Appendix X2

    Key Concepts in Sediment Stratigraphy for Physical Properties Testing

    Appendix X3

    Quick Reference Guide for Sediment Chemistry Analytical Method Selection

    Appendix X4

    Sampling Reference Guide for Sediment Chemistry Analytical Methods

    Appendix X5

    Critical Success Factors for Sediment Chemistry Analytical Programs

    Appendix X6

    Quick Reference Guide for Passive Sampling Method Selection

    Appendix X7

    Advantages and Limitations of Passive Sampler Types for Organic Compounds

    Appendix X8

    Methodologies and Equations for Determining Aqueous Chemical Concentrations from Passive Sampler Results

    Appendix X9

    Pros and Cons Evaluation of Biological Test Methods

    Appendix X10

    Decision Tree for Biological Testing Selection

    Appendix X11

    Species List for Biological Testing

    Appendix X12

    Daubert Criteria to Guide the Selection and Application of Analytical Test Methods Used for Environmental Sediment Forensics

    Appendix X13

    References

    Bibliography

    1.12This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.13This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 50
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 1367 : 2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Estuarine and Marine Invertebrates
    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4464 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Material by Laser Light Scattering
    ASTM D 2974 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Water (Moisture) Content, Ash Content, and Organic Material of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 2937 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM E 1391 : 2002 Standard Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM E 2122 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves
    ASTM E 1706 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM E 1611 : 2000 : R2007 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 7363 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 1586 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 4318 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM E 1525 : 1994 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
    ASTM D 7928 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM E 1689 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM E 1391 : 2003 : R2014 Standard Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing and for Selection of Samplers Used to Collect Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM D 6913/D6913M : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM E 1688 : 2000 : REV A Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM D 4464 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Materials by Laser Light Scattering
    ASTM D 2974 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 2488 : 1969 : R1975 Recommended Practice for Description Of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5084 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 4643 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM E 1611 : 2000 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Marine and Estuarine Polychaetous Annelids
    ASTM E 1688 : 2000 : REV A : R2007 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM D 1498 : 2000 Standard Practice for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM E 1525 : 1994 : REV A Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
    ASTM D 2937 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2015 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM D 1498 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM E 1367 : 2003 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Estuarine and Marine Invertebrates
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 4464 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Materials by Laser Light Scattering
    ASTM E 1689 : 1995 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
    ASTM E 1706 : 2000 : EDT 1 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Fresh Water Invertebrates
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM D 4318 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM E 1706 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM D 4318 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 1586 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM E 1391 : 1994 Standard Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing
    ASTM E 1850 : 2004 Standard Guide for Selection of Resident Species as Test Organisms for Aquatic and Sediment Toxicity Tests
    ASTM E 1391 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing and for Selection of Samplers Used to Collect Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1706 : 2000 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Fresh Water Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1706 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM D 2974 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Water (Moisture) Content, Ash Content, and Organic Material of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM E 1850 : 2004 : R2019 Standard Guide for Selection of Resident Species as Test Organisms for Aquatic and Sediment Toxicity Tests
    ASTM E 1689 : 1995 Standard Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 7928 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM E 1367 : 2003 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Estuarine and Marine Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1850 : 2004 : R2012 Standard Guide for Selection of Resident Species as Test Organisms for Aquatic and Sediment Toxicity Tests
    ASTM D 5739 : 2000 Standard Practice for Oil Spill Source Identification by Gas Chromatography and Positive Ion Electron Impact Low Resolution Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4643 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil and Rock by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM D 2937 : 2017 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 2974 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 5739 : 2006 : R2013 Standard Practice for Oil Spill Source Identification by Gas Chromatography and Positive Ion Electron Impact Low Resolution Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 3213 : 2013 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM E 2081 : 2022 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM D 2974 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM E 1611 : 2021 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
    ASTM D 3213 : 2019 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5084 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 2937 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 3213 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM E 1850 : 1997 Standard Guide for Selection of Resident Species as Test Organisms for Aquatic and Sediment Toxicity Tests
    ASTM E 1367 : 1992 Standard Guide for Conducting 10-day Static Sediment Toxicity Tests with Marine and Estuarine Amphipods
    ASTM E 1391 : 2003 Standard Guide for Collection, Storage, Characterization, and Manipulation of Sediments for Toxicological Testing and for Selection of Samplers Used to Collect Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM D 7928 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 2937 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 4318 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2021 Standard Guide for Selection of Subsurface Soil and Rock Sampling Devices for Environmental and Geotechnical Investigations
    ASTM E 1688 : 2019 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1611 : 2000 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting Sediment Toxicity Tests with Polychaetous Annelids
    ASTM E 1367 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Estuarine and Marine Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1706 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 2974 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM E 1525 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
    ASTM D 3213 : 2008 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 2488 : 2000 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 2974 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 1498 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2013 Standard Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drill Rigs for Environmental Investigations
    ASTM D 5739 : 2006 : R2020 Standard Practice for Oil Spill Source Identification by Gas Chromatography and Positive Ion Electron Impact Low Resolution Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM E 1706 : 2000 : EDT 2 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM D 4464 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Material by Laser Light Scattering
    ASTM D 4318 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 7928 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM D 7928 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM E 1706 : 2004 Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM D 7363 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM D 3213 : 2003 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Undisturbed Marine Soil
    ASTM D 5739 : 2006 Standard Practice for Oil Spill Source Identification by Gas Chromatography and Positive Ion Electron Impact Low Resolution Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4464 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Catalytic Material by Laser Light Scattering
    ASTM E 2122 : 2002 : R2013 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 4318 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 2937 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM E 1688:2010 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM D 5084 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 2487 : 2010 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2217 : 1985 : R1998 Standard Practice for Wet Preparation of Soil Samples for Particle-Size Analysis and Determination of Soil Constants (Withdrawn 2007)
    ASTM D 1498 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 2487 : 2000 Standard Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 7363 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM D 7363 : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM E 1706 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Toxicity of Sediment-Associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 7363 : 2013 : REV A : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Parent and Alkyl Polycyclic Aromatics in Sediment Pore Water Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Selected Ion Monitoring Mode
    ASTM E 2122 : 2002 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Caged Bivalves
    ASTM D 3213 : 1991 : R1997 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Undisturbed Marine Soil
    ASTM E 1525 : 2002 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
    ASTM D 2487 : 2011 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2937 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 1498 : 1993 Standard Practice for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 4643 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Microwave Oven Method
    ASTM E 1367 : 1999 Standard Guide for Conducting 10-day Static Sediment Toxicity Tests with Marine and Estuarine Amphipods
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 : REV A Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM E 1689 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Guide for Developing Conceptual Site Models for Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 5084 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 2488 : 2006 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM E 2122 : 2001 Standard Guide for Conducting In-situ Field Bioassays With Marine, Estuarine, and Freshwater Bivalves
    ASTM E 1688 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Guide for Determination of the Bioaccumulation of Sediment-Associated Contaminants by Benthic Invertebrates
    ASTM E 1525 : 2002 : R2014 Standard Guide for Designing Biological Tests with Sediments
    ASTM D 2487 : 1969 : R1975 Standard Test Method for Classification Of Soils For Engineering Purposes
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
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