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  • ASTM F 561 : 2019

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    Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This practice covers recommendations for the retrieval, handling, and analysis of implanted medical devices and associated specimens that are removed from human and animal subjects during revision surgery and at postmortem.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice covers recommendations for the retrieval, handling, and analysis of implanted medical devices and associated specimens that are removed from human and animal subjects during revision surgery and at postmortem. This practice may be used for the analysis of any implant including inert, bioactive, resorbable, and tissue engineered products. This practice can also be used for analysis of specimens and fluids from in vitro tests, including those from wear tests and joint simulators. The aim is to provide guidance to minimize iatrogenic damage during the recovery and handling of the associated specimens which could obscure the investigational results. This practice is also intended to provide guidance as to gathering data at the proper time and circumstance.

    1.2This practice offers guidelines for the analysis of retrieved implants to limit damage to them, and to allow comparisons between investigational results from different studies. The protocols are divided into three stages, where Stage I is the minimum non-destructive analysis, Stage II is more complete non-destructive analysis, and Stage III is destructive analysis. Standard protocols for the examination and collection of data are provided for specific types of materials in relation to their typical applications. For particular investigational programs, additional, more specific, protocols may be required. If special analytical techniques are employed, the appropriate handling procedures must be specified. Note that regulations for handling of patient information, tissues, and retrieved devices will vary by geography.

    1.3This practice should be applied in accordance with pertinent regulations or legal requirements regarding the handling of patient data as well as the handling and analysis of retrieved implants and excised tissues, especially with regard to handling devices which may become involved in litigation, as in accordance with Practice E860. Note that regulations for handling of patient information, tissues, and retrieved devices will vary by geography

    1.4A significant portion of the information associated with a retrieved implant device is often at the device-tissue interface or in the tissues associated with the implant and related organ systems. Attention should be given to the handling of adjacent tissues, so as not to interfere with study of the particles in the adjacent tissue, a chemical analysis for the byproducts of degradation of the implant, or a study of the cellular response to the implant.

    1.5The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. As a precautionary measure, explanted devices should be sterilized or minimally disinfected by an appropriate means that does not adversely affect the implant or the associated tissue that may be subject to subsequent analysis. A detailed discussion of precautions to be used in handling of human tissues can be found in ISO 12891-1. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee F 04
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2857 : 2016 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 2240 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 4001 : 1993 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of Weight-Average Molecular Weight of Polymers By Light Scattering
    ASTM D 1708 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics By Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM E 2451 : 2008 Standard Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples
    ASTM E 860 : 2007 : R2013 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Examining And Preparing Items That Are Or May Become Involved In Criminal or Civil Litigation
    ASTM D 4001 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Weight-Average Molecular Weight of Polymers By Light Scattering
    ASTM F 1044 : 2005 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Calcium Phosphate Coatings and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM D 1238 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 1004 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 1238 : 2004 : REV C Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM F 1877 : 2005 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles
    ASTM D 3919 : 2015 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1708 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 3016 : 1997 : R2010 Standard Practice for Use of Liquid Exclusion Chromatography Terms and Relationships
    ASTM E 1479 : 2016 Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 4000 : 2013 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 4065 : 2006 Standard Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures
    ASTM F 3036 : 2021 Standard Guide for Testing Absorbable Stents
    ASTM D 3418 : 1982 : R1988 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Thermal Analysis
    ASTM C 1198 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM C 1326 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM C 1322 : 2005 : REV B Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 2842 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 5227 : 2001 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hexane Extractable Content of Polyolefins
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV C : R2008 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM C 730 : 1998 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    ASTM D 3418 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 1004 : 1994 : REV A Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM C 1327 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM E 1188 : 2005 Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
    ASTM D 1238 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 1004 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM F 2977 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Small Punch Testing of Polymeric Biomaterials Used in Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 1621 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties Of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM E 1479 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
    ASTM D 4001 : 1993 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of Weight-Average Molecular Weight of Polymers By Light Scattering
    ASTM D 4000 : 2003 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 3418 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM C 1198 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM F 2182 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM F 2995 : 2016 Standard Guide for Shipping Possibly Infectious Materials, Tissues, and Fluids
    ASTM C 1326 :2008 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 4000 : 2000 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM C 1069 : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV C : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM E 7 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Metallography
    ASTM D 5296 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4000 : 2012 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 2451 : 2013 Standard Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM F 2102 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants
    ASTM C 1326 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM E 18 : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
    ASTM F 2739 : 2019 Standard Guide for Quantifying Cell Viability and Related Attributes within Biomaterial Scaffolds
    ASTM C 1327 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 1238 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM F 1854 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Stereological Evaluation of Porous Coatings on Medical Implants
    ASTM D 1004 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM F 2182 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM D 5296 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM E 45 : 1997 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel
    ASTM D 3919 : 2004 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM F 3129 : 2016 Standard Guide for Characterization of Material Loss from Conical Taper Junctions in Total Joint Prostheses
    ASTM E 10 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
    ASTM E 1188 : 1995 Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
    ASTM C 1322 : 2015 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 1708 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics By Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM D 1004 : 1994 : REV A : R2003 Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 354 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM C 1322 : 2005 : REV A Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 2240 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM E 7 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Metallography
    ASTM D 4000 : 2011 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM C 1069 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM C 1198 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV C : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM A 262 : 2001 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
    ASTM D 1708 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM F 2182 : 2019 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM E 18 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
    ASTM F 1635 : 2016 Standard Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 2739 : 2008 Standard Guide for Quantitating Cell Viability Within Biomaterial Scaffolds
    ASTM F 1147 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metal Coatings
    ASTM F 2979 : 2014 Standard Guide for Characterization of Wear from the Articulating Surfaces in Retrieved Metal-on-Metal and other Hard-on-Hard Hip Prostheses
    ASTM F 1147 : 2005 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM F 1044 : 2005 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Calcium Phosphate Coatings and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM D 1622 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 4754 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Two-Sided Liquid Extraction of Plastic Materials Using FDA Migration Cell
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 1505 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
    ASTM D 1621 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM C 20 : 2000 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Water Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Burned Refractory Brick and Shapes by Boiling Water
    ASTM D 4000 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM C 1322 : 2005 : REV B : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 2990 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM F 1854 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Stereological Evaluation of Porous Coatings on Medical Implants
    ASTM D 4001 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Weight-Average Molecular Weight of Polymers by Light Scattering
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 2502 : 2017 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Absorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM E 353 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
    ASTM D 1004 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 1621 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties Of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM F 2182 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM F 1147 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metal Coatings
    ASTM D 3418 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 1854 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Stereological Evaluation of Porous Coatings on Medical Implants
    ASTM D 1623 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 1622 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 2240 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM C 1069 : 1986 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM D 1004 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 3418 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM F 2977 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Small Punch Testing of Polymeric Biomaterials Used in Surgical Implants
    ASTM C 730 : 1998 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 : REV B Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2990 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM C 20 : 2000 : R2022 Standard Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Water Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Burned Refractory Brick and Shapes by Boiling Water
    ASTM F 2214 : 2002 Standard Test Method forIn Situ Determination of Network Parameters of Crosslinked Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
    ASTM C 1198 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM D 5227 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hexane Extractable Content of Polyolefins
    ASTM D 4000 : 2000 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM F 2102 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants
    ASTM A 751 : 2021 Standard Test Methods and Practices for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
    ASTM C 1198 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM C 633 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesion Strength of Thermal Spray Coatings
    ASTM D 5296 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4065 : 2012 Standard Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures
    ASTM D 4000 : 2010 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 1621 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties Of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM A 262 : 1998 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
    ASTM C 1322 : 2005 : REV B : R2010 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM C 1327 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM C 1322 : 1996 : REV A Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM C 1161 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM D 2857 : 1970 : R1977 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Polymers
    ASTM D 2842 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM D 4000 : 2007 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2842 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 4000 : 2009 : REV A Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1479 : 1999 : R2011 Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
    ASTM D 1623 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM F 1044 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Calcium Phosphate Coatings and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM D 2857 : 2022 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 3016 : 1997 : R2018 Standard Practice for Use of Liquid Exclusion Chromatography Terms and Relationships
    ASTM D 1622 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM E 1188 : 2011 Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM D 4000 : 2001 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM F 2502 : 2011 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Absorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM C 1198 : 2009 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM F 2977 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Small Punch Testing of Polymeric Biomaterials Used in Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 3919 : 2008 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3835 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 4000 : 2008 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 638 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
    ASTM D 1238 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM E 135 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 2990 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM C 1322 : 2002 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 3835 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM C 1326 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 2990 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM E 354 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM D 1505 : 1968 : R1979 Standard Test Method for Density Of Plastics By The Density-Gradient Technique
    ASTM F 1854 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Stereological Evaluation of Porous Coatings on Medical Implants
    ASTM F 2102 : 2017 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 5227 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hexane Extractable Content of Polyolefins
    ASTM D 1239 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 1635 : 1995 Standard Test Method for In Vitro Degradation Testing of Poly (L-lactic Acid) Resin and Fabricated Form for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 1623 : 1978 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Tensile And Tensile Adhesion Properties Of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 1621 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties Of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM F 2182 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM D 1621 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM C 623 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Glass and Glass-Ceramics by Resonance
    ASTM C 1326 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM C 1327 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM F 2995 : 2013 Standard Guide for Shipping Possibly Infectious Materials, Tissues, and Fluids
    ASTM F 1635 : 2004 Standard Test Method for in Vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM C 1161 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM A 262 : 2015 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
    ASTM F 2739 : 2016 Standard Guide for Quantifying Cell Viability within Biomaterial Scaffolds
    ASTM C 1326 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM A 751 : 2020 Standard Test Methods and Practices for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
    ASTM D 2842 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM C 1322 : 2002 : REV A Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 1239 : 2022 : REV A Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 2240 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 4754 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Two-Sided Liquid Extraction of Plastic Materials Using FDA Migration Cell
    ASTM D 3418 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 4000 : 2001 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM F 1877 : 2016 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles
    ASTM C 1198 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    ASTM D 1708 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM D 4000 : 2004 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM D 1505 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
    ASTM E 92 : 1982 : R2003 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials (Withdrawn 2010)
    ASTM D 5296 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3835 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM F 3036 : 2013 Standard Guide for Testing Absorbable Stents
    ASTM D 1505 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
    ASTM D 1708 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM E 354 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    ASTM F 1877 : 1998 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles
    ASTM C 1322 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM D 4754 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Two-Sided Liquid Extraction of Plastic Materials Using FDA Migration Cell
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM D 1505 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM C 1069 : 1986 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption
    ASTM D 3919 : 1999 Standard Practice for Measuring Trace Elements in Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM C 1161 : 1994 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM D 1623 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Tensile and Tensile Adhesion Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM D 4065 : 1995 Standard Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures
    ASTM F 2502 : 2005 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Bioabsorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM D 2240 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM C 169 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass
    ASTM D 3835 : 1979 : R1983 Standard Test Method for Rheological Properties of Thermoplastics with a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM E 353 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
    ASTM D 412 : 2016 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    ASTM C 1327 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 1238 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 1239 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM F 2502 : 2005 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Bioabsorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM F 1877 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles
    ASTM D 1708 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics By Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV C Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM F 1877 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Characterization of Particles
    ASTM D 4000 : 2010 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM E 1188 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
    ASTM D 2240 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM E 112 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
    ASTM E 112 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
    ASTM C 1322 : 2005 Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    ASTM D 1239 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM D 1239 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Films to Extraction by Chemicals
    ASTM E 2451 : 2021 Standard Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples
    ASTM D 5227 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hexane Extractable Content of Polyolefins
    ASTM D 3835 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
    ASTM D 1238 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 2240 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 2214 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Network Parameters of Crosslinked Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
    ASTM F 1147 : 2005 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Tension Testing of Calcium Phosphate and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM F 2102 : 2013 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 1708 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics by Use of Microtensile Specimens
    ASTM F 2182 : 2011 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM E 135 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM F 1044 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Calcium Phosphate Coatings and Metallic Coatings
    ASTM C 169 : 2016 : R2022 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass
    ASTM C 20 : 2000 : R2022 Standard Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Water Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Burned Refractory Brick and Shapes by Boiling Water
    ASTM D 4000 : 2003 Standard Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
    ASTM D 2240 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    ASTM F 1635 : 2011 Standard Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 2842 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM F 2214 : 2016 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Network Parameters of Crosslinked Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
    ASTM E 562 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
    ASTM F 2102 : 2001 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Extent of Oxidation in Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Fabricated Forms Intended for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 5227 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hexane Extractable Content of Polyolefins
    ASTM D 1238 : 1985 Standard Test Method for Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
    ASTM D 1004 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Tear Resistance (Graves Tear) of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM F 1635 : 2004 : REV A Standard Test Method for in Vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants
    ASTM E 1479 : 1999 Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
    ASTM C 1161 : 2002 : REV B Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    ASTM C 623 : 1992 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Glass and Glass-Ceramics by Resonance
    ASTM A 262 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
    ASTM F 2182 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    ASTM D 638 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
    ASTM D 1622 : 1993 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics
    ASTM C 633 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesion Strength of Thermal Spray Coatings
    ASTM D 4065 : 2001 Standard Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures
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