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  • ASTM D 4175 : 2020 : REV B

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  14-12-2020

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This terminology standard covers the compilation of terminology developed by Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants, except that it does not include terms/definitions specific only to the standards in which they appear.

    1.1.1The terminology, mostly definitions, is unique to petroleum, petroleum products, lubricants, and certain products from biomass and chemical synthesis. Meanings of the same terms outside of applications to petroleum, petroleum products, and lubricants can be found in other compilations and in dictionaries of general usage.

    1.1.2The terms/definitions exist in two places: (1) in the standards in which they appear and (2) in this compilation.

    1.2This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee D 02
    Document Type Reference Material
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4378 : 2020 Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Mineral Turbine Oils for Steam, Gas, and Combined Cycle Turbines
    ASTM D 7155 : 2020 Standard Practice for Evaluating Compatibility of Mixtures of Turbine Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7589 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VID Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 4012 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Content of Microorganisms in Water
    ASTM D 8279 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Timing-Chain Wear in a Turbocharged, Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition, Four-Cylinder Engine
    ASTM D 6984 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIF, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 4150 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Gaseous Fuels
    ASTM D 7317 : 2007 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Coagulated Pentane Insolubles in Used Lubricating Oils by Paper Filtration (LMOA Method)
    ASTM D 5798 : 2021 Standard Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 6618 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Diesel Four-Stroke Cycle Supercharged 1M-PC Single Cylinder Oil Test Engine
    ASTM D 8377 : 2021 : REV A Standard Guide for High Temperature Strength Measurements of Graphite Impregnated with Molten Salt
    ASTM D 7917 : 2014 : R2018 Standard Practice for Inductive Wear Debris Sensors in Gearbox and Drivetrain Applications
    ASTM D 2709 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge
    ASTM D 8235 : 2021 Standard Specification for Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (ETBE) for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 3603 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Steam Turbine Oil in the Presence of Water (Horizontal Disk Method)
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 4740 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Cleanliness and Compatibility of Residual Fuels by Spot Test
    ASTM D 2782 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Fluids (Timken Method)
    ASTM D 7920 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fuel Methanol (M99) and Methanol Fuel Blends (M10 to M99) by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2711 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Demulsibility Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 4176 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)
    ASTM D 5501 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20 % Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7418 : 2020 Standard Practice for Set-Up and Operation of Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometers for In-Service Oil Condition Monitoring
    ASTM D 7721 : 2017 Standard Practice for Determining the Effect of Fluid Selection on Hydraulic System or Component Efficiency
    ASTM D 613 : 2018 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil
    ASTM D 8011 : 2019 Standard Specification for Natural Gasoline as a Blendstock in Ethanol Fuel Blends or as a Denaturant for Fuel Ethanol
    ASTM D 5966 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils for Roller Follower Wear in Light-Duty Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM C 781 : 2020 Standard Practice for Testing Graphite Materials for Gas-Cooled Nuclear Reactor Components
    ASTM D 7372 : 2021 Standard Guide for Analysis and Interpretation of Proficiency Test Program Results
    ASTM D 86 : 2020 : REV B Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure
    ASTM F 2489 : 2006 : R2013 Standard Guide for Instrument and Precision Bearing Lubricants—Part 2 Greases
    ASTM D 5598 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Unleaded Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Electronic Port Fuel Injector Fouling
    ASTM D 2700 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Motor Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 8256 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 8324 : 2021 Standard Guide for Selection of Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Vessel General Permit
    ASTM D 7846 : 2016 Standard Practice for Reporting Uniaxial Strength Data and Estimating Weibull Distribution Parameters for Advanced Graphites
    ASTM D 5482 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method—Atmospheric)
    ASTM D 6185 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Practice for Evaluating Compatibility of Binary Mixtures of Lubricating Greases
    ASTM D 7596 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Automatic Particle Counting and Particle Shape Classification of Oils Using a Direct Imaging Integrated Tester
    ASTM D 8074 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6299 : 2021 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 1404/D1404M : 1999 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Deleterious Particles in Lubricating Grease
    ASTM D 217 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease
    ASTM D 6731 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining the Aerobic, Aquatic Biodegradability of Lubricants or Lubricant Components in a Closed Respirometer
    ASTM D 7687 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Cellular Adenosine Triphosphate in Fuel and Fuel-associated Water With Sample Concentration by Filtration
    ASTM D 7622 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Crude Oil Using Combustion and Direct Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Method with Zeeman Background Correction
    ASTM D 6894 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Aeration Resistance of Engine Oils in Direct-Injected Turbocharged Automotive Diesel Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5705 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydrogen Sulfide in the Vapor Phase Above Residual Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 7847 : 2017 Standard Guide for Interlaboratory Studies for Microbiological Test Methods
    ASTM D 7482 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling, Storage, and Handling of Hydrocarbons for Mercury Analysis
    ASTM D 4048 : 2019 : REV A Standard Test Method for Detection of Copper Corrosion from Lubricating Grease
    ASTM D 6810 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hindered Phenolic Antioxidant Content in Non-Zinc Turbine Oils by Linear Sweep Voltammetry
    ASTM D 8166 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particulates in Middle Distillate Fuels and Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20) Using Continuous Flow and Bottle Sampler Automatic Particle Condition Monitors
    ASTM D 8350 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IVB Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 6709 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence VIII Spark-Ignition Engine (CLR Oil Test Engine)
    ASTM D 6423 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of pHe of Denatured Fuel Ethanol and Ethanol Fuel Blends
    ASTM D 5707 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Lubricating Grease Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 8070 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Screening of Fuels and Fuel Associated Aqueous Specimens for Microbial Contamination by Lateral Flow Immunoassay
    ASTM D 2983 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Low-Temperature Viscosity of Automatic Transmission Fluids, Hydraulic Fluids, and Lubricants using a Rotational Viscometer
    ASTM D 7668 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils—Ignition Delay and Combustion Delay Using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber Method
    ASTM D 8165 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Load-Carrying Capacity of Lubricants Used in Hypoid Final-Drive Axles Operated under Low-Speed and High-Torque Conditions
    ASTM D 8183 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Indicated Cetane Number (ICN) of Diesel Fuel Oils using a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber—Reference Fuels Calibration Method
    ASTM D 7112 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Stability and Compatibility of Heavy Fuel Oils and Crude Oils by Heavy Fuel Oil Stability Analyzer (Optical Detection)
    ASTM D 5983 : 2021 Standard Specification for Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (MTBE) for Blending With Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 8275 : 2021 Standard Specification for Gasoline-like Test Fuel for Compression-Ignition Engines
    ASTM C 886 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Scleroscope Hardness Testing of Carbon and Graphite Materials
    ASTM D 6557 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Rust Preventive Characteristics of Automotive Engine Oils
    ASTM D 7684 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Guide for Microscopic Characterization of Particles from In-Service Lubricants
    ASTM D 7594 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Fretting Wear Resistance of Lubricating Greases Under High Hertzian Contact Pressures Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 524 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7423 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in C2, C3, C4, and C5 Hydrocarbon Matrices by Gas Chromatography and Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 7528 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Bench Oxidation of Engine Oils by ROBO Apparatus
    ASTM D 8045 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Crude Oils and Petroleum Products by Catalytic Thermometric Titration
    ASTM D 8289 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength Estimate by Disc Compression of Manufactured Graphite
    ASTM D 8386 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Enhanced Filter Blocking Tendency (EFBT)
    ASTM D 7623 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Crude Oil Using Combustion-Gold Amalgamation and Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Method
    ASTM D 7422 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 6081 : 2020 Standard Practice for Aquatic Toxicity Testing of Lubricants: Sample Preparation and Results Interpretation
    ASTM D 3705 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Misting Properties of Lubricating Fluids
    ASTM D 6837 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIB Spark Ignition Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7862 : 2021 Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7755 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Practice for Determining the Wear Volume on Standard Test Pieces Used by High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 8049 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining Concentration, Count, and Size Distribution of Solid Particles and Water in Light and Middle Distillate Fuels by Direct Imaging Analyzer
    ASTM D 5967 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8111 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIH, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 7603 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Storage Stability and Compatibility in Automotive Gear Oils (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7923 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water in Ethanol and Hydrocarbon Blends by Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 8356 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Sonic Velocity in Manufactured Carbons and Graphite Materials for use in Obtaining Approximate Elastic Constants: Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio
    ASTM D 189 : 2006 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Conradson Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7420 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Tribomechanical Properties of Grease Lubricated Plastic Socket Suspension Joints Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 1403 : 2020 : REV B Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease Using One-Quarter and One-Half Scale Cone Equipment
    ASTM D 8184 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Ferrous Wear Debris Monitoring in In-Service Fluids Using a Particle Quantifier Instrument
    ASTM D 4953 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Gasoline and Gasoline-Oxygenate Blends (Dry Method)
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7549 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Heavy-Duty Engine Oils under High Output Conditions—Caterpillar C13 Test Procedure
    ASTM D 8112 : 2017 Standard Guide for Obtaining In-Service Samples of Turbine Operation Related Lubricating Fluid
    ASTM D 5483 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 4289 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Elastomer Compatibility of Lubricating Greases and Fluids
    ASTM D 7219 : 2019 Standard Specification for Isotropic and Near-isotropic Nuclear Graphites
    ASTM D 2699 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 7157 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Intrinsic Stability of Asphaltene-Containing Residues, Heavy Fuel Oils, and Crude Oils (n-Heptane Phase Separation; Optical Detection)
    ASTM D 7463 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Content of Microorganisms in Fuel, Fuel/Water Mixtures, and Fuel Associated Water
    ASTM D 6890 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ignition Delay and Derived Cetane Number (DCN) of Diesel Fuel Oils by Combustion in a Constant Volume Chamber
    ASTM D 8181 : 2019 Standard Specification for Microemulsion Blendstock for Preparing Microemulsion Test Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 6923 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1R Test Procedure
    ASTM D 7320 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence IIIG, Spark-Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 8321 : 2021 Standard Practice for Development and Validation of Multivariate Analyses for Use in Predicting Properties of Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants based on Spectroscopic Measurements
    ASTM D 5706 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Greases Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 974 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
    ASTM D 4055 : 2004 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Pentane Insolubles by Membrane Filtration
    ASTM D 8211 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Hot Surface Ignition Temperature of Gases on Flat Surface
    ASTM D 6425 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils Using SRV Test Machine
    ASTM D 6681 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in a High Speed, Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine—Caterpillar 1P Test Procedure
    ASTM D 8098 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Permanent Gases in C2 and C3 Hydrocarbon Products by Gas Chromatography and Pulse Discharge Helium Ionization Detector
    ASTM D 8274 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Biodiesel (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters) Content in Diesel Fuel Oil by Portable Rapid Mid-Infrared Analyzer
    ASTM D 909 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Supercharge Rating of Spark-Ignition Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 8114 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIE Spark Ignition
    ASTM D 5599 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection
    ASTM D 7216 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determining Automotive Engine Oil Compatibility with Typical Seal Elastomers
    ASTM D 7794 : 2021 Standard Practice for Blending Mid-Level Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Vehicles with Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 7577 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Accelerated Iron Corrosion Rating of Denatured Fuel Ethanol and Ethanol Fuel Blends
    ASTM D 5304 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Assessing Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability by Oxygen Overpressure
    ASTM D 8148 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Spectroscopic Determination of Haze in Fuels
    ASTM D 7978 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Viable Aerobic Microbial Content of Fuels and Associated Water—Thixotropic Gel Culture Method
    ASTM D 6974 : 2020 Standard Practice for Enumeration of Viable Bacteria and Fungi in Liquid Fuels—Filtration and Culture Procedures
    ASTM D 1401 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Water Separability of Petroleum Oils and Synthetic Fluids
    ASTM D 6743 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Thermal Stability of Organic Heat Transfer Fluids
    ASTM D 8110 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Elemental Analysis of Distillate Products by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
    ASTM D 7579 : 2009 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Pyrolysis Solids Content in Pyrolysis Liquids by Filtration of Solids in Methanol
    ASTM D 8226 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIF Spark Ignition Engine
    ASTM D 2982 : 2007 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Detecting Glycol-Base Antifreeze in Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7563 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Ability of Engine Oil to Emulsify Water and Simulated Ed85 Fuel
    ASTM D 7795 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Acidity in Ethanol and Ethanol Blends by Titration
    ASTM D 7669 : 2020 Standard Guide for Practical Lubricant Condition Data Trend Analysis
    ASTM D 7996 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measuring Visible Spectrum of Asphaltenes in Heavy Fuel Oils and Crude Oils by Spectroscopy in a Microfluidic Platform
    ASTM D 7620 : 2010 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels by Continuous Injection, Air Oxidation and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Detection
    ASTM D 3699 : 2019 Standard Specification for Kerosine
    ASTM D 7217 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Solid Bonded Films Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 2881 : 2019 Standard Classification for Metalworking Fluids and Related Materials
    ASTM D 2885 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determination of Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels by On-Line Direct Comparison Technique
    ASTM D 322 : 1997 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Gasoline Diluent in Used Gasoline Engine Oils by Distillation (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 323 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 187 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Burning Quality of Kerosene
    ASTM D 7546 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Moisture in New and In-Service Lubricating Oils and Additives by Relative Humidity Sensor
    ASTM D 7156 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in the T-11 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4950 : 2019 Standard Classification and Specification for Automotive Service Greases
    ASTM D 7898 : 2014 : R2020 Standard Practice for Lubrication and Hydraulic Filter Debris Analysis (FDA) for Condition Monitoring of Machinery
    ASTM D 7468 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 5500 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Vehicle Evaluation of Unleaded Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
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