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  • ASTM D 4294 : 2016 : EDT 1

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  04-01-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  19-02-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This test method covers the determination of total sulfur in petroleum and petroleum products that are single-phase and either liquid at ambient conditions, liquefiable with moderate heat, or soluble in hydrocarbon solvents.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the determination of total sulfur in petroleum and petroleum products that are single-phase and either liquid at ambient conditions, liquefiable with moderate heat, or soluble in hydrocarbon solvents. These materials can include diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosine, other distillate oil, naphtha, residual oil, lubricating base oil, hydraulic oil, crude oil, unleaded gasoline, gasoline-ethanol blends, biodiesel (see Note 2), and similar petroleum products.

    Note 1:Oxygenated fuels with ethanol or methanol contents exceeding the limits given in Table 1 can be dealt with using this test method, but the precision and bias statements do not apply (see Appendix X3).

    (A)The concentrations of substances in this table were determined by the calculation of the sum of the mass absorption coefficients times mass fraction of each element present. This calculation was made for dilutions of representative samples containing approximately 3 % of interfering substances and 0.5 % sulfur.

    Note 2:For samples with high oxygen contents (>3 weight %) sample dilution as described in 1.3 or matrix matching must be performed to assure accurate results.

    1.2Interlaboratory studies on precision revealed the scope to be 17 mg/kg to 4.6 mass %. An estimate of this test method’s pooled limit of quantitation (PLOQ) is 16.0 mg/kg as calculated by the procedures in Practice D6259. However, because instrumentation covered by this test method can vary in sensitivity, the applicability of the test method at sulfur concentrations below approximately 20 mg/kg must be determined on an individual basis. An estimate of the limit of detection is three times the reproducibility standard deviation, and an estimate of the limit of quantitation2 is ten times the reproducibility standard deviation.

    1.3Samples containing more than 4.6 mass % sulfur can be diluted to bring the sulfur concentration of the diluted material within the scope of this test method. Samples that are diluted can have higher errors than indicated in Section 16 than non-diluted samples.

    1.4Volatile samples (such as high vapor pressure gasolines or light hydrocarbons) may not meet the stated precision because of selective loss of light materials during the analysis.

    1.5A fundamental assumption in this test method is that the standard and sample matrices are well matched, or that the matrix differences are accounted for (see 5.2). Matrix mismatch can be caused by C/H ratio differences between samples and standards (see Section 5) or by the presence of other heteroatoms.

    1.6The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 02
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1405/D1405M : 2008 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 6201 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    ASTM D 396 : 2019 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 7826 : 2019 Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 240 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter
    ASTM D 8074 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8056 : 2018 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis of Crude Oil
    ASTM D 7467 : 2019 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)
    ASTM D 6823 : 2008 : R2013 Standard Specification for Commercial Boiler Fuels With Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM F 3337 : 2019 Standard Guide for Taking Property and Behavior Measurements on Weathered Fractions of Oil
    ASTM D 6709 : 2015 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils in the Sequence VIII Spark-Ignition Engine (CLR Oil Test Engine)
    ASTM D 3338/D3338M : 2009 : R2014 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 6074 : 2015 Standard Guide for Characterizing Hydrocarbon Lubricant Base Oils
    ASTM D 7719 : 2018 Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 7566 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 6837 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Effects of Automotive Engine Oils on Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars and Light-Duty Trucks in Sequence VIB Spark Ignition Engine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7455 : 2019 Standard Practice for Sample Preparation of Petroleum and Lubricant Products for Elemental Analysis
    ASTM D 4868 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net and Gross Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Burner and Diesel Fuels
    ASTM D 7578 : 2018 Standard Guide for Calibration Requirements for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4529 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 6448 : 2016 Standard Specification for Industrial Burner Fuels from Used Lubricating Oils
    ASTM D 7223 : 2017 Standard Specification for Aviation Certification Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7343 : 2018 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 3238 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method
    ASTM D 1655 : 2019 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels
    ASTM D 8048 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7156 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in the T-11 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 6227 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Containing a Non-hydrocarbon Component
    ASTM D 8256 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 7422 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 4809 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method)
    ASTM D 7547 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 2622 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5967 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D7468 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 6618 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Diesel Four-Stroke Cycle Supercharged 1M-PC Single Cylinder Oil Test Engine
    ASTM D 7544 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel
    ASTM D 3699 : 2018 : REV A Standard Specification for Kerosine
    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 7960 : 2018 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
    ASTM D 8147 : 2017 Standard Specification for Special-Purpose Test Fuels for Aviation Compression-Ignition Engines
    ASTM D 7547 : 2021 Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline
    ASTM D 975 : 2021 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel
    ASTM D 7467 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)
    ASTM D 7960 : 2021 Standard Specification for Unleaded Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel Containing Non-hydrocarbon Components
    ASTM D 3699 : 2019 Standard Specification for Kerosine
    ASTM D 6751 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
    ASTM D 7666 : 2012 : R2019 Standard Specification for Triglyceride Burner Fuel
    ASTM D 7156 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in the T-11 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7719 : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for High Aromatic Content Unleaded Hydrocarbon Aviation Gasoline Test Fuel
    ASTM D 7468 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Cummins ISM Test
    ASTM D 7484 : 2021 : REV B Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Valve-Train Wear Performance in Cummins ISB Medium-Duty Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 3338/D3338M : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels
    ASTM D 6334 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Gasoline by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence
    ASTM D 6615 : 2015 : REV A : R2019 Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel
    ASTM D 8256 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Automotive Engine Oils for Inhibition of Deposit Formation in the Sequence VH Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Gasoline and Operated Under Low-Temperature, Light-Duty Conditions
    ASTM D 7422 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-12 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7826 : 2020 : REV A Standard Guide for Evaluation of New Aviation Gasolines and New Aviation Gasoline Additives
    ASTM D 5967 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-8 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 8252 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Vanadium and Nickel in Crude and Residual Oil by X-ray Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2880 : 2020 Standard Specification for Gas Turbine Fuel Oils
    ASTM D 8074 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in DD13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7578 : 2020 Standard Guide for Calibration Requirements for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 8048 : 2021 : REV A Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Diesel Engine Oils in T-13 Diesel Engine
    ASTM D 7549 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Heavy-Duty Engine Oils under High Output Conditions—Caterpillar C13 Test Procedure
    ASTM D 7566 : 2021 Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons
    ASTM D 396 : 2021 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4057 : 2019 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7343 : 2007 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6259 : 1998 : R2004 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2009 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7343 : 2020 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 : R2018 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2013 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2021 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM E 29 : 2002 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 1981 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6259 : 2015 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation for a Test Method
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6259 : 1998 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
    ASTM D 6299 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2016 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2019 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6259 : 1998 : R2010 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation
    ASTM D 4057 : 2012 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2000 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2010 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6259 : 2015 : R2019 Standard Practice for Determination of a Pooled Limit of Quantitation for a Test Method
    ASTM D 6299 : 2008 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Peroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 7343 : 2018 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 7343 : 2012 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 7343 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Practice for Optimization, Sample Handling, Calibration, and Validation of X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Methods for Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ASTM D 4177 : 2016 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4177 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4057 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 6299 : 2017 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
    ASTM D 4177 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 4057 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    ASTM D 6299 : 2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
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